An Informative Essay On Domestic Violence: Physical, Child And Sexual Abuse

On a typical day, there are more than 20,000 phone calls placed to domestic violence hotlines nationwide. Domestic violence is violent, aggressive behavior within the home, typically involving the violent abuse of a spouse or partner. Domestic violence can affect anyone of any age, gender, and/or race. Domestic violence is the leading cause of injury to women between the ages of 15 and 44. Between 40 and 60 percent of the calls to police are domestic violence disputes.

Victims of domestic violence are spouses, family members, children, and sexual/dating partners. In 1993, the Violence Against Women Act was established. The Act was established to increase the safety of women and children. In the past, domestic violence was a way for husbands to legitimately “correct” their wives. Domestic violence doesn’t always happen to women. It can also happen to men. Since the 1970s, the criminal justice system has begun to treat domestic violence as a serious crime. Domestic violence started in the 1800s B.C. Fifty years ago, doctors called domestic violence “therapy.” Domestic violence has been visible throughout history. In early European societies, women were bound to “worship” their spouses.

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Domestic violence incident occurs every 24 minutes in the United States. Domestic violence can create physiological problems and can create a battered person. Domestic violence is characterized as an abusive behavior. 85% of domestic violence victims are women. 85% of domestic violence victims are women. Why is domestic violence important? Domestic violence can create a battered person. Factors of domestic violence include physical abuse, physiological abuse, child abuse, and sexual abuse. It also includes homicides, assault/battery, and can create a battered woman.

Physical Abuse

The main type of domestic violence is physical abuse. Physical abuse involves a person using physical force against someone. Physical abuse causes or could cause someone harm. Physical abuse can cause; slapping, choking, throwing things, scratching, biting, pushing, and using objects that can hurt you, physical force, and/or any other acts that hurt or threaten you. Physical abuse can start with something as small as a push. Physical abuse is most easily spotted. Physical abuse can be towards a child, spouse, or any other person.

Child Abuse

53% of children are victims of abuse, both boys and girls. Two out of 3 kids are physically abused. Eight cases of physical abuse are reported every day. Child abuse is a physical mistreatment or sexual molestation of a child. Child abuse refers to anything to any sexual, emotional, or physical mistreatment or neglect from anyone older than 18 to a child 18 or under. There are many types of child abuse. Some include emotional abuse, neglect, physical abuse, domestic and family violence, and sexual abuse. In the year 2017 to 2018, Nashville schools had more than 600 abuse cases this year to the DCS. According to, 646,000 neglected and abused children find themselves in foster care each year. A person can get up to 1 to 10 years in prison for child neglect. 643 Tennessee children are victims of several incidents of child abuse. The first recognized child abuse case was in 1874 of Mary Ellen McCormack. At the age of 8, she was abused by her foster parents. Her case led to the creation of the New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. According to, In the United States, each year, more than 3 million reports of child abuse are made, which involve almost 6 million children.

Child abuse has different penalties and sentencing depending on many different factors. These include the age of the child, the state where the abuse took place, whether the child was physically or mentally injured, whether the offense involved sexual abuse, and the criminal history of the offender. Child abuse may be charged as a felony or a less serious offense in most states, depending on the situation. There are several different child abuse charges. Assault is the main charge in the United States. Assault includes when a child has minor injuries or criminalized physical attacks against a child. A discipline charge often occurs when a parent tries to discipline their child. Sexual abuse occurs when an adult engages in sexual activity with a minor. Lastly, neglect is when a child is left to take care of themselves at home. Also, if a child is not getting medical care, a safe place to live, or emotional support is a sign of child abuse. Most criminal penalties can include fines, incarceration, probation, and/or other penalties, which include a child being taken away from their parent or guardian.

Sexual Abuse

Children of any race, age, culture, and economic background are vulnerable to sexual abuse. Sexual abuse can affect girls and boys. 1 in every 6-experience sexual abuse. One in every four girls experiences some form of sexual abuse. Sixty-two thousand nine hundred thirty-nine cases of child sexual abuse in 2012. According to “Have Sexual Abuse and Physical Abuse Declined Since the 1990s?” an article released by the Crimes against Children Research Center in 2012, there was a 62% decline in sexual abuse from 1992 to 2010.

In Tennessee, many different forms of sexual conduct are sex crimes. Mostly all sex offenders will end up on the national sex offender registry. It can affect where you can live, where you can work, and what your neighbors, friends, and family think of you when they find you’re on the registry. You are likely to be incarcerated if you are convicted of sexual assault or rape in Tennessee. There are 5 class felonies. They are called class A through class E. Class A felonies have the highest penalties. Sexual abuse normally deals with sex/human trafficking.

Sex/Human Trafficking Abuse

Anyone of any age, race, or gender who is brought somewhere against their will are a part of human trafficking. African American and Latino youth are in most child sex trafficking cases 50 through 90% of child sex trafficking are victims in the child welfare system. Runaway youth are more likely to be involved in sex trafficking. Most children that have dealt with abuse and neglect are more likely to be involved in sex trafficking or criminal activities. A victim of sex trafficking is Cyntoia Brown. Cyntoia Brown received life in prison at the age of 16 for the murder of Johnny Allen.

“Of Mice And Men” Limitations On The American Dream: Race And Gender

Character Descriptions and the Pursuit of the American Dream

The book “Of Mice and Men” by John Steinbeck is about two friends, George and Lennie. George is described as “small and quick, dark of face, with restless eyes and sharp, strong features. Now Lennie was the exact opposite; he was said to be “Shapeless of face, with large, pale eyes, with wide, sloping shoulders. They both are trying to achieve the American dream, living off the fat of the land. However, many people think that gender limits access to the American dream. Race is what limits access to the American dream.

Gender as a Potential Barrier to the American Dream

Some may argue that gender is what limits access to the American dream. Gender is what limits access to the American dream in the book “Of Mice and Men” because Curley’s Wife is always moving around to where all the guys are because she is lonely. She talks about how she had a chance to be a movie star and a famous person. She states, “‘Nother time I met a gym and he was in pitchers. Went out to the Riverside Dance Palace with him. He says he was gonna put me in the movies. Says I was a natural. Soon he got back to Hollywood. He was gonna write to me about it. I never got that letter” (Steinbeck 88).

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Curley’s Wife’s Unfulfilled Dreams and Power Dynamics

Explaining that she had a chance of getting her American dream, but it was taken from her because the man didn’t write back. After that, she states, “So I married Curley. I don’t like Curley. He ain’t a nice fella.” (Steinbeck 89). She then talks about how she could have had nice clothes, big hotels, pictures taken of her, and had all those nice amenities if the man had written back, but gender is the largest factor in making the American dream unattainable in the book “Of Mice and Men. ” This is because they portray Crooks as the scum of the earth. Curley’s wife states, “You know what I could do? I could get you strung up on a tree so easy it ain’t even funny” (Steinbeck 81). In that quote, she is saying that she could have him hanged whenever she wanted it to happen. Even though she is a woman, she could lie to the boss and have Crooks hanged. This shows that race limits access to the American dream more than gender does.

Race as the Predominant Barrier to the American Dream

The American dream is limited because of race. Race limits access to the American dream in the book “Of Mice and Men” because everyone had power over blacks in that time period. Even women had more power than a black. In the book Curley’s Wife says, “You know what I can do to you if you open your trap” (Steinbeck 80). Here she is threatening him, saying that she could do anything she wants to him and not get in trouble. This means that a woman who is of the opposite gender is more powerful than a black, opposite race. This means that race limits access to the American dream more than gender does. Next, Crooks is shown to be very lonely and keeps to himself.

Crooks’ Loneliness and Exclusion from Society

He doesn’t like people being in his room. He wants to have friends, but Crooks states, “They play cards in there, but I can’t play because I’m black” (Steinbeck 68). It shows Crooks, a stable black buck, not being able to just sit at a table and throw cards around. It means that he isn’t even allowed to live life. Having fun is a part of the American dream also. If you own land and animals and don’t have to work for anyone except yourself, life is good, but life is almost perfect when you’re having fun. This shows that race limits access to the American dream.


  1. Steinbeck, John. “Of Mice and Men”. Penguin, 1993.
  2. Shillinglaw, Susan. “On Reading Of Mice and Men.” Steinbeck Review, vol. 10, no. 2, 2013, pp. 1-5.
  3. Ditsky, John. “John Steinbeck’s Of Mice and Men.” The Explicator, vol. 61, no. 3, 2003, pp. 155-157.
  4. Swain, Gwenyth. “Chasing the American Dream.” Minnesota History, vol. 62, no. 8, 2011, pp. 308-317.

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