Implementing Sustainable Development Goals In Fragile Goa

“The principle of common but differentiated responsibilities is the bedrock of our enterprise for a sustainable world.” -Shri. Narendra Modi (Prime Minister of India) As a Prime Minister of 1/6th of the world’s population, Shri Narendra Modi, after taking responsibility for our country, traveling and meeting powerful personalities around the world, has realized that the concept of eradicating poverty, hunger, empowering women, fighting bad climate, etc. has to be differentiated and studied among the various states of India in order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Pondering insubstantially of the smallest state of India, Goa, to give importance to the SDGs? How are these topics beneficial to us? Should this be our priority? Well, Goa is a beautiful and fragile state that is vulnerable in respect of its biodiversity and in terms of its floating tourist population.

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The state of Goa is in constant battle with the tourists who are looking forward to the time they are spending in Goa, and others are citizens of the state who call themselves “susegad” as they are satisfied yet not happy with how the state is undergoing unnatural changes. Sustainable development comes here into the picture as this meets the needs of the present without compromising the needs of future generations to meet their own needs. With a population of 1.459 million residents (census 2011) and with a growth rate of 8.23% per decade, the state of Goa is breaking down and has overburdened its resources and environment.

It’s not always the government that should be blamed for the menace, but we, the citizens, should coordinate and develop strong willpower to stay away from corruption and money and not sell ourselves out for short-term benefits. As it is said, ‘It takes two to make a quarrel’ We, the Goan, need to question ourselves whether we need majestic hotels on the seashore, roads through our forests, pollution industries, concrete structures on fertile land, million tonnes of ores or the greenery and serenity that Goa is known for.

Is the fault a tourist’s destination? No, we are the privileged ones, but the fact that the state of Goa is trying to create room for 3 million tourists is. All this when we have not planned for our own population! All zones of development are today disputing for the same land with flora and fauna that needs to be conserved. Our focus is on mining iron in our Western Ghats, which have unique species that need to be protected. Illegal constructional licenses, the release of sewage in water resources, construction permits in Coastal Regulatory Zones (CRZ) areas, deforestation, etc. Goa must therefore face up to the challenges that lie ahead in implementing the SDGs by 2030 because it cannot wish away old and newer areas of concern.

More than 80% of Goa’s geographical land has been declared as eco-sensitive in the regional plan 2021. Mining has the biggest damaging impact as it involves cutting off hills and slopes to later expand into pits. Pumping out of water has lowered the water table in the area, the dumps of rejected waste are often close to the rivers, and silt enters the fields and water bodies. As a tourist destination, the state has triggered a frenzy of construction activities to cater needs of outsiders. The coastline is under threat, and the generation of garbage and sewage has added to the misery. Sand extraction has ripped off the layers for breeding for fish in North Goa. Riverbanks, along with coconut trees, has collapsed. Landscapes at western ghats are an alarming threat that we are aware of but yet neglecting because we are caught up in and more of fast development that we don’t find any solution rather than burning lands, trimming forests, and dumping riverbanks.

The UN’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals

Samantha Pavlak February 14, 2019, Professor Layne Global Issues The UN 17 Goals Money and power go hand in hand; oftentimes, many people gain power as a result of having money. “On September 25, 2015, 193 United member states agreed on the Sustainable Development Agenda document: “Transformation of our World – 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. The aim of Sustainable Development Goals is to continue the work started by Millennium Development Goals.” Set by the United Nations, there are 17 goals for sustainable development that are to be met within the next 15 years. These goals are supposed to be supported by all the nations so that this can become a reality, not a dream. These goals are not well known to the public and are just the planning and designing of ideas. , the ideas coming to reality are to understand the causes for them and the effects that they have on our sustainability in life. Then, to look at how they are related to each other and how they can be solved. One of the goals is to have responsible consumption and production.

The cause of this is that the amount produced is to ?t the demand, with the demand being higher than it should be due to either the quality being below standards or just consuming more than necessary. It has caused higher ef?ciency demand and more resources to be used than we should be using. All of this comes into play with power, and many people do not want the UN goals to be broadcasted to the public or for the public to have an understanding because the higher up’s would lose power eventually and ultimately lose money. I believe that FDU today has taken, Many steps in trying to obtain the UN’s 17 sustainable goals. For example but many schools across the country and across the world have adopted E-books and online articles for their students in an effort to keep costs down and limit the number of renewable resources used to make the books. Another thing after you has done in all their new buildings is trying to use as much naturally as they can. For example, the library, for most of the day, uses natural sunlight to light the studying rooms.

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Which is very beneficial because studies have shown that you learn better with natural light, and it’s also helping the environment at the same time. Some things I think we could improve on is, having some more energy-efficient appliances around campus, for example, having energy-efficient washing machines in the dorms and having recycled eating where throughout campus. Another example might be offering a small compensation on food costs if students bring their own utensils or offering discounts on purchases of recycled paper products on campus. For me, some of the things that I try to do to be a more sustainable person are 2 unplug things that I do not use all the time and to not leave things on when they’re not needed.

I think it’s important that we all try our best not to be wasteful and not use more than our fair share. I believe, as a whole, Americans are very wasteful and very needy and always have the desire to want more, which has resulted in Americans being externally wasteful and very unappreciative. But however, in the past ten years, we as a society have tried to become less wasteful and try to help our planet because when we help our planet, we help our world. I think the United Nations’ goals have been a great stepping point for the world in regard to how we can make the world a better place. Do I think we will reach all the goals within the next 15 years? No, but I believe we can accomplish many of them and use this as a way to move forward and Into creating a better world. “Progress is impossible without change, and those who cannot change their minds cannot change anything.”…

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