Medical Marijuana Legalization The Good Bad And Ugly

The legalization of medical marijuana has been discussed amongst the country’s states for decades. Medical marijuana legalization has taken a positive shift throughout these years and is now legal in 20 states and the District of Columbia. The initial drug, marijuana, was band for the dangerous effects it brought to people. Throughout the year’s people have turned to marijuana to ease anxiety, pain, and stress. Legalizing marijuana has brought multiple perspectives on the topic. Differences such as medical marijuana legalization, recreational legalization, why it should be legalized and why it shouldn’t be.

Medical marijuana has won over legalization in multiple states. The problem withholding other states for legalizing it is the feeling that the state is announcing that recreational use is now in effect. The reason for legalizing marijuana is only for medical use and not recreational nirvana. A message states withholding legalization fear will not be made clear. Medical marijuana and recreational marijuana are separate subjects. This tends to confuse the public as people tend to assume that medical marijuana is the excuse to announce the personal use of marijuana. According to “”How will pot legalization affect medical marijuana?””, by Rodger Collier, the recreational purpose of, getting high, is an overdose usage of the drug. Medical marijuana is used just enough to control the patient’s symptoms with them able to function properly. When it comes down to it, realizing the company carrying the marijuana can determine if it is truly medical marijuana based. Medical marijuana is not smoked though is in the form of a pill. Thus, providing the correct dosage for patients without, getting high, the recreational use term. Companies truly providing medical marijuana tend to be cheaper. Not only cheaper but provide more experience on the product. They have call centers, customer service, and scientific knowledge about the drug itself. For medical use of marijuana, there must be an absolute medical reasoning for you to obtain the drug. It is distributed to a low number of people who have medical conditions not able to be controlled with the assigned medications for their condition. Recreational use is for a person’s enjoyment, not a healing purpose. A person using medical marijuana only receives the required amount with no overdose effect like those with a recreational purpose.

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Medical marijuana can be misleading as the term “”medical”” seems to make it okay to use in the eyes of teens and young adults. Recreational use seems to have increased dramatically over the years and introducing medical marijuana has seemed to do nothing but make it grow faster. On federal terms, marijuana use to be a drug with the same consequences as heroin and LSD. State laws were once the same as federal laws. Now states have edited laws to a lower consequence when someone is in possession of marijuana. Use of medical marijuana was then passed in 1996, making the use of marijuana acceptable if given a recommendation from a doctor. The concern of sending the wrong message to the youth only grew as the percentage of teen use of marijuana continued to grow. Misleading young children into believing medical marijuana is a safe drug is extremely dangerous. The youth are led to believe that the use of marijuana is okay. Not being able to understand the use of medical marijuana, teens and young adults are misled to believe that all uses of marijuana are okay. Not comprehending the fact that marijuana is an extremely addictive drug when used without the proper physicians help. Marijuana has come across to youth as an okay drug. As states continue to legalize the drug, this will only grow as in the mind of the youth, the drug is a medicine. The states lack of notifying the drug for just how dangerous it can be, confirms in the mind of the youth that marijuana is completely okay to use.

Not only is marijuana capable of sending the wrong message but it can bring across the right one too. Medical marijuana was made to take upon a positive role in the world. Physician’s found that marijuana can be a replacement for some of the highly addictive painkillers and anti-depressants. Hussain, Maharra “”Legalization of medical marijuana leads to a decrease in prescription painkillers and anti-depressant usage in the USA””, 5 October 2016, states that the legalization of medical marijuana has led to a decrease in purchased prescriptions of painkillers and anti-depressants. All prescriptions used to treat anxiety, depression, nausea, pain, psychosis, seizures, sleep disorders, and spasticity, all which can be treated with marijuana have decreased in sales productions compared to prescriptions to treat things such as, blood-thinners, have stayed the same. Medical marijuana has also been linked to helping with post-chemotherapy vomiting, anorexia, and muscle spasms in certain neurological conditions. Also showing an increase in medical marijuana reducing the use of opioids for cancer-related pain. Proving that medical marijuana, if brought about the correct way, can have a major impact on the world of medicine. Taking away the addictive opioids and replacing it with a less addictive alternative can help people manage their pain/conditions in a safer environment.

Medical marijuana has brought upon multiple questions about how it would affect our country and if legalizing it would bring nothing but an improvement. Medical marijuana has come across both positive and negative to the country and its states. Depending on how medical marijuana is presented and how serious you handle it, depends on the effect it has on the people. Medical marijuana is proven to be a very serious drug to handle but handled by the right people can bring relief to those who have been searching for it. Medical marijuana should be used for medical reasons only. Providing recreational use of marijuana only allows our youth to feel it’s okay to use it. Taken into the right hands, medical marijuana can have endless possibilities considering all it’s done now.

Monitoring Of Project Progress Using Drones

ABSTRACT

In every outstanding construction project, there is definitely an effective construction management. Construction management allows a construction project to be implemented according to plan. Every construction project must have a progress development works that is usually created by the site engineer. Documenting the progress of works is one of the requirements in construction management. In a progress report it is necessary to have a visual image as evidence. The conventional method used for photographing on the construction site is by using Micro Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), commonly known as Drones .Besides, site engineer always have current issues involving limitation of monitoring on high reach point and entire view of the construction site. The purpose of this paper is to provide a concise review of Micro UAV technology in monitoring the progress on construction site through visualization approach. The aim of this study is to explain the importance of Micro UAV which can portray the whole view of the building, especially on high reach point and allows producing better images, videos and 3D model and also facilitating site engineer to monitor works in progress. The Micro UAV was flown around the building construction according to the Ground Control Points (GCPs) to capture images and record videos. The images taken .from Micro UAV have been processed to generate 3D model and were analysed to visualize the building construction as well as monitoring the construction progress work and provides immediate reliable data for project estimation. It has been proven that by using Micro UAV, better images and videos can give a better overview of the construction site and monitor any defects on high reach point building structures. Not to be forgotten, with Micro UAV the construction site progress is more efficiently tracked and kept on the schedule.

KEYWORDS

Micro UAVs, Drones, BIM, Construction, Progress, Project.

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INTRODUCTION

Drones, more accurately described in a business context as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). UAVs can take different forms, with different levels of controls and the capacity to carry a very wide range of payloads. There are many types supporting different uses, but they are also subject to different regulations, depending on whether the aircraft is in or beyond the field of vision. They are built with intelligent stabilization systems to keep them flying and can carry sensors to perform dedicated functions. One of the most common devices is a camera mounted on gimbals to obtain high-quality video and still photography. However, depending on their lift capacity and payload specifications, UAVs can also carry multiple sensors to extract a wide range of information, increasing the number of possible applications and the business value of their outcomes. Drones are available with combustion engines or electro engines and fixed or rotary wing. The electro drones are easy to control but the operational duration is clearly shorter. Drones can be equipped with several generic sensors. Some have additional on-board data storage capabilities for enhanced data collection tasks.

Sensors types:

  • High definition camera (Geo-referenced image, 3D image, video streaming)
  • RFID reader (passive, active RFID system)
  • GPS unit (navigation)
  • Wireless network (Wi-Fi communication)
  • Other (infrared, RADAR system, ultrasound, laser scanner)

Various forms of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) often referred to as drones, have been used in the US since the Civil War. UAVs are aircraft without an onboard pilot including the ground based, or operator, equipment as well as the data link connecting the two. The term drone, more specifically, refers to the aircraft itself and also includes equipment operated independent of human control (Grayson, 2015). Initial uses for UAVs were primarily aimed at military purposes, and military research has been a major driver for advancing UAV technology. The wide use of transistors in the 1960’s allowed electronic equipment to shrink in size, and the civilian hobby of radio-controlled aircraft began to develop in parallel to military UAV advances.

Today, a boom of UAV use is being seen across many industries as the technology has reached a maturity level that makes it both user-friendly and inexpensive (Joyce, 2015). Innovators are discovering a multitude of uses for UAVs. Advances in cameras, sensing, aeronautics, and navigation technologies have helped make UAVs affordable, reliable and easy to operate. Small multi-propeller helicopters (called quadcopters) can be equipped with almost any sensing technology (Snider & Welch, 2015). In the United States, UAVs can qualify as model aircraft if the operator adheres to the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) model-aircraft guidelines and the operation is “purely for recreational or hobby purposes. However, commercial applications for UAVs in the U.S. require an exemption from the FAA known as a Section 333 Exemption (Perlman, 2015).

Industrial applications for UAVs are the second most popular category. Some of these applications include inspection of critical linear infrastructure such as oil and gas pipelines or electrical transmission lines (Miller, 2015), inspection of wind turbine blades by UAVs with higher-resolution imaging (compared to the traditional method of scaling the masts or using binoculars to conduct inspections) (NAW Staff, 2015). The real estate industry has begun to take advantage of UAVs to conduct aerial surveys and mapping of planned developments or to document transactions (Naylor, 2015). Though not the greatest number of exemptions, precision agriculture applications are becoming a valuable tool for 21st Century farms. UAVs are being used to determine whether crops need to be watered and when and where to apply fertilizer in order to increase crop yields and decrease farming expenses (Naylor, 2015).

The construction industry has not been immune to the popular draw of UAVs. Construction companies have primarily been using UAVs to provide real-time reconnaissance of their jobsites and to provide high-definition (HD) video and still images for publicity and documentation of progress Schriener &* Doherty, 2015). These uses are only scratching the surface of the possibilities of UAV applications in the construction industry, and the coming years are sure to see expanding innovations Perlman (2015).

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