MN569 FNP 1 CLINICAL Discussion Week 2-2

There are several components that are essential that a Nurse Practitioner (NP) should follow to provide safe and effective patient care. One component is that NPs must strive to provide patient care that is rooted in ethics. The ANA Code of Ethics provides a formal guideline of ethical principles that an NP should follow to direct clinical decisions (Dunphy et al., 2019).
In my future NP role, I plan to follow the ethical guidelines set forth by the American Nurses Association (ANA). The ANA’s code of ethics ensures that nursing care is focused on the best interests of the patient to promote optimal outcomes. The ANA’s ethical guidelines are based on basic moral principles such as autonomy, freedom, beneficence, non-malfeasance, veracity, confidentiality, fidelity, and justice (Dunphy et al., 2019). These basic moral principles center around providing care that is respectful to the patient (Dunphy et al., 2019).
When discussing ethical care of patients, moral distress is an issue that could arise. I need to have strategies in place to relieve or manage moral distress. The first action to take against moral distress is to establish the source or the issue causing the distress (Saver, 2020). Saver (2020) explains that it is important to identify where the distress originates, such as from conflicts among team members, or disagreements among a patient’s family members over end-of-life decisions. Self-evaluation is also an important step to cope with moral distress. Conducting a self-assessment is needed to determine the intensity of the distress and how quickly it needs to be resolved to minimize emotional damage (Saver, 2020). When developing strategies, evaluating resources is key to finding a resolution. The ANA’s code of ethics with interpretive statements can be a resource to aid in strategy development (Saver, 2020). Other resources can include organizational ethics services or employment assistance programs (Saver, 2020).
Learning how to instill moral resilience can also be an effective strategy to ease moral distress (Savor, 2020). Moral resilience building strategies can include being self-aware, learning to self-regulate, and developing the courage to take a stand when ethical issues occur (Savor, 2020).
Another concept, I think is important, to consider when discussing effectively providing care that is ethically based is emotional intelligence (EI). I think this is an important concept to understand and utilize in a professional setting. EI is a self-development concept that allows the individual to be more self-aware of their own emotions, beliefs, strengths, and weaknesses so that they can make more informed decisions (Butler, 2021). Butler (2021) described EI as an essential skill of nurse leaders to foster and stimulate behaviors among their team members.
Butler, J. (2021). Emotional Intelligence in Nursing Leadership. Australian Nursing