My Holiday Trip: Rediscovering Roots And Culture

Introduction

There are many places to go on a trip, but I chose Nepal since I was born in Nepal. I have been in Nepal for ten years of my life and have had my best memorable experience. This is my second time going to Nepal with my family after eleven years of being in the United States.

Exploring Nepal’s Cultural Tapestry

I was so excited because I was going back to my homeland, where I was born and grew up. At eight pm, we arrived in Nepal; my first thought was when I arrived in Nepal. Nepal is the most beautiful country and the poorest country. The three most interesting places I visited in Nepal were mounts Everest, Patan Museum, and Pashupati Nath. Firstly, the trip to Mount Everest. I had never been to Everest when I was in Nepal. My mom and I always wanted to see how high the Mountain is. The height of the Mountain is 29,029 feet. We had fun walking in the hills. We walked halfway, and the view from there was beautiful.

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We literally saw everything. The Mountain is kind of dangerous because the government doesn’t fulfill its responsibility; they have not changed this new altitude official. We asked for more information for people who live near the Mountain. The Mountain is very cold and windy at the top, oxygen is low, and not everyone can claim it. About 300 people live on Mount Everest; not everyone can survive. The people who live on Mount Everest are doctors, scientists, etc. After hearing all this information, we decided not to climb the top of Everest, but we walked through halfway. I always wanted to claim on top of the Mountain because I used to watch an interview with people who had already been there and had experienced it. Secondly, the trip to the Patan museum with Mom. Patan Museum exhibits the traditional and religious arts of Nepal, such as Rajasthan, Narayan, and four-faced Shiva Linga. Since my mom is very religious and old thought she loves going to the temple. I always wanted to see Nepalese culture dress and want to learn more about history.

I don’t remember much stuff from Nepal when I was here. When we went inside the museum, things were being changed; everything was different than before. Now they added more historical stuff and art., but some part was still the same; I noticed that God was still the same and as important as he was before. Shiva, Ram, and Krishan these gods are the most popular gods in Nepal. About half of the Nepalese people trust them. Also, the museum displays new Nepal cultural history; for instance, Hindu and Buddhist traditions in Nepal go back more than a few years and still happen around the world, which Patan is famous for. The family is important in Nepalese life. They stay faithful to each other. Each piece of art in the museum symbols something. It also describes a hard worker.

Arts are expensive. Only a few people have barely brought them. Eventually, the museum is created by a centenarian because they are more knowledgeable about history. Thirdly, our last and final trips to Pashupatinath before returning to the United States. People believe going to the temple with a positive and clean heart; all your sins will be forgiven. I wanted all my sins to be gone, so we decided to visit the temple. Pashupatinath is a famous temple in Kathmandu, Nepal, because people from different countries come there to get away with their transgression. Pashupatinath is an important temple devoted to all gods, but the temple is most known by god Shiva. Millions of different backgrounds and races visit there every week. Since I had already read a book about the temple before coming to Nepal, I had little knowledge about temple rules. Everything I read was real and also helped me a lot in keeping us out of trouble. I personally don’t believe in God, but going to Pashupatinath changed my view of thinking. The things I loved about going to the temple are the priest is very respectful and well-mannered.

Conclusion

To conclude, trips to Nepal with my family were amazing; I had so much fun and visited places. Also, I got to spend most of my time with my family, which meant a lot to me. I learned more about Nepali culture and religion. Nepal is a beautiful place for nature exploration. I suggest everyone should go there for once. Being able to go back to Nepal was the most blessing. I never thought of going back to Nepal without my family’s support and love. I had the best time of my life and the most memorable experience I ever had.

References

  1. “Arresting God in Kathmandu” by Samrat Upadhyay
  2. “The Living Goddess” by Isabella Tree
  3. “Annapurna: A Woman’s Place” by Arlene Blum

 

Fantomina Summary: Desire & Deceit In Alisoun And Fantomina

Sexual Powerplay: Challenging 18th Century Norms in ‘Fantomina’ and ‘The Wife of Bath’s Tale’

“Fantomina” by Eliza Haywood and The Canterbury Tales: “The Wife of Bath’s Tale” by Geoffrey Chaucer both challenge an idea that is seen as sinful during the 18th century. The Concept of Sex. Haywood and Chaucer’s ideas are conveyed through Fantomina and Alisoun. Two females with the desire for internal happiness and satisfaction. So much they would go through any means necessary to get them. Under this umbrella of Sex are the other themes of dominance, ignorance, marriage, and morality.

As stated before, Sex is one of the main themes of The Canterbury Tales: The Wife of Bath’s Tale and Fantomina by Eliza Haywood. During this time, Sex was believed to only be for married couples with the sole purpose of giving birth to children. In both pieces, it is used as a weapon to exercise power.

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Dominance and Deception: The Tactical Pursuits of Alisoun and Fantomina

This brings up the theme of dominance. The Wife of Bath dominates her husband using Sex. In the prologue, Alisoun discusses her tactics for obtaining power through her five marriages. She uses her body for financial independence. “I governed them so well after my lawe.

That each of hem ful blissful was and face, to bring me gaye things fro the fayre” (lines 219-221). Alisoun’s view of power is similar to Fantomina’s. Fantomina decides to become a prostitute because she sees how much power they have, and she wants that for herself. Her approach to gaining this power is through deception. “…She was so admirably skilled in the art of feigning that she had the power of putting on almost what face she pleased…” (line 540).

Marriage and Morality: The Church’s Hierarchy and Chaucer’s Critique

Marriage was essentially the gateway to Sex, according to the church. In the Wife of Bath, a social hierarchy was created by the church. Virgins were at the very top, widows, married, then those who were prostitutes. Prostitutes and those married in the church were at the bottom because the church truly believed that a life of chastity should be followed by everyone. Jordan says that, unlike most married couples, “the Wife and her husbands lack the essential quality of the Christian marriage, charity, a divine gift” (Jordan 952). He later goes on to make the claim “women like the Wife lack moral integrity, something that should be valued in relationships” (Jordan 956). This, however, may have been another theme Chaucer was alluding to. Marriage is destined to be unsuccessful and unhappy if there is no faith.

Fantomina Analysis: Ignorance, Deception, and the Quest for Love

In contrast to “The Wife of Bath,” “Fantomina” also focuses on one more theme, ignorance. Fantomina is naïve when it comes to coming to an understanding of the relationships between man and woman. She is also blind when it comes to the true nature of Beauplaisir, and Haywood puts a major emphasis on that. One scene that depicts her ignorance is when she receives replies to the letters she sent to Beauplaisir. She calls him a “traitor” and says ‘tis thus our silly, fond, believing Sex are served when they put Faith in Man: So, had I been deceived and cheated…” (line 610). She does not seem to focus on the true problem. Her “lover” grows tired of each woman easily. She believes he is still a “great man” for continuing his relationship with the widow and herself.

In conclusion, Chaucer and Haywood use Fantomina and Alisoun to convey their themes of Sex, dominance, ignorance, marriage, and morality in their works. Both women try to use Sex as a means of power to obtain what they truly want, real love. In order to do this, they become deceitful, ignorant, and they lose their sense of morality.

References

  1. Haywood, Eliza. “Fantomina: Or, Love in a Maze.” Broadview Press, 2005.
  2. Chaucer, Geoffrey. “The Canterbury Tales”. Oxford University Press, 2008.
  3. “The Cambridge Companion to Chaucer.” Edited by Piero Boitani and Jill Mann, Cambridge University Press, 2003.
  4. King, Andrew. “The Works of Eliza Haywood.” Pickering & Chatto, 2000.
  5. Richetti, John. “Popular Fiction before Richardson: Narrative Patterns 1700–1739”. Oxford University Press, 1969.
  6. “The Wife of Bath: Geoffrey Chaucer.” Edited by Peter G. Beidler, Bedford/St. Martin’s, 1996.
  7. Todd, Janet. “The Sign of Angellica: Women, Writing and Fiction, 1660–1800”. Columbia University Press, 1989.
  8. Jordan, Robert M. “Chaucer’s Poetics and the Modern Reader.” University of California Press, 1987.
  9. Spencer, Jane. “The Rise of the Woman Novelist: From Aphra Behn to Jane Austen.” Blackwell, 1986.
  10. “Reading Haywood: Studies of Female Playwrights, 1660–1820”. Edited by Tiffany Potter, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

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