Recycling Of Plastic

For every innovation there are consequences. Plastic is a common term for synthetic material made from a wide range of organic polymers (dictionary.com). The term plastic is used unusually lightly in today’s world, ignoring its massive negative impact on our environment and overall health. For over 50 years, we have used plastic in our everyday routines, from brushing our teeth with a colorful synthetic material to purchasing plastic phone cases with aesthetically pleasing designs. Today we live in the “Age of Plastic”, millions of plastic products are produced each year and distributed throughout the world. The majority of these products arrive at a local waterway once used, resulting in a much more substantial problem, because no matter the size of plastic, millions of objects ends up in our oceans.

The impact a piece of plastic is enormous especially on numerous creatures.When cutting open a seagull, studies have shown that their digestive system has an overwhelming amount of bottle caps, plastic bags, diapers, bobby pins, wrappers, etc. Having the impression that it is food, the creatures begins to consume the plastic. But it slowly starts to build up in their stomach, undigested leaving little to no room left in their stomach for other food. The sharp edged plastic even punches holes into their internal organs. These two scenarios have the same outcome: death. Many people in society do not see the consequences of our actions, numerous of human beings throw trash on the beach and the waves carry it into the ocean. Plastic, never seems to disappear, this cheap resource that is incorporated into our everyday routines is making us pay for it in the long run. It takes nearly 450 years for plastic to biodegrade, and we produce about 300 million tons globally each year. Yet more than half of it ends up in our oceans because we do not recycle.

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Every step we take there is a recycling bin at least 10 feet away from us but we always turn to the easiest option which is throw it onto the ground. When it rains the plastic goes into the sewers and its final destination is to be disposed into the ocean. These tendencies to willingly have careless actions, on where and how we dispose of our plastic is slowly impacting us in a crucial way. Food supply, specifically with the marine creatures, is sadly going to decrease by 2050. There will be more plastic than fish as stated in an article posted by, www.washingtonpost.com. This might lead to the misconception that the impression of being so far away it won’t not affect us entirely but regardless the sea creatures we eat now have a dietary of more than 9 different types of plastic in their system.

The benefits that fish give us when we intake it is tremendous. As stated in the article,“Health Benefits of Fish posted by Washington Post,” Fish contains,“omega-3 fatty acids and vitamins such as D and B2 (riboflavin). Fish is rich in calcium and phosphorus and a great source of minerals, such as iron, zinc, iodine, magnesium, and potassium.” But since the fish are now contaminated with pieces of plastic it doesn’t have the same nutritional benefits. It is a chain reaction that will have a closing point that ends with us. Once it is ingested by a sea creature, we capture it and eat it, now making it a part of our diet indirectly. Plastic contains numerous chemicals that can possibly affect you in the future. For example, when consumed you have a higher risk of cancer, birth defects, immune system suppression….etc I guess it is true what people say, you are what you eat. Additionally, plastic existing in the ocean will impact the food chain. Many animals rely on sea creatures for food, like bears, jaguars, wolves, snakes, turtles, etc.

Due to our laziness, by not taking plastic to the nearest recycling bin we are putting many animals in jeopardy of extinction and risking our own health and for future generations. It has been known to the public, for numerous years, that there are countless innovations in the process of being constructed to reduce the amount of plastic in our oceans. Many of these projects including, The Ocean Cleanup, invented by Boyan Slat are funded by the people who want to see a change. After being shocked with all the plastic that is scatter in our great blue ocean, he wanted to create something at the age of 23 that could improve our polluted waters, and that is where the Ocean Cleanup was born.

The Ocean Cleanup, is an “ is developing a passive system, using the ocean currents as its driving force to catch and concentrate the plastic. By suspending a large sea anchor in a deep, slow moving water layer, we can slow down the system enough so that the plastic moves faster than the cleanup system. This will cause the plastic to accumulate against the cleanup system (www.theoceancleanup.com).” There vision is to hopefully clean up at least 50% of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch in 5 years. Boyan Slat wants to bring the movement of making the saying “there will be more plastic than fish by 2050.” He plans to break down larger pieces of plastic so it won’t become dangerous microplastics and affect other living creatures. If everything goes according to plan Boyan believes, “combining the cleanup with source reduction on land paves the road towards a plastic free ocean by 2050 (https://www.theoceancleanup.com).”

But not only is Boyoan the only person who feels there needs to be a change but also many other smaller companies are selling bracelets to help this cause and protect the marine life. The page is called, 4Ocean Bracelet, for each bracelet you purchase the team removes one pound of trash including plastic from the ocean’s surface. The bracelet itself is made from 100% recycled items, which is amazing! It represents a great cause, wearing a clear blue bracelet that represents something with much meaning to it.I have purchased one, I am now infusing my peers around me to look into it and realize how much of an impact they would be making if they purchased one!   

Abraham Lincoln And The Gettysburg Address

Abraham Lincoln wrote and delivered one of America’s renown speeches during the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln did not attend college, but he did receive very little education at an early age. Lincoln lived in a rural area in his early life, helping his father provide for his family. As he became of age, he later went to receive his license in law in Illinois and had a career for over twenty years (Abraham). In his era many people did not attend law school, so he taught himself; this indeed helped start preparing him to take a more political panel.

Lincoln first run was for Senator in 1858, his opponent was Stephen Douglas. Although he was beaten by Douglas in the election, he won over the people whom later nominated him for President of the Republican party in 1860 (Abraham). He was re-elected for office again in 1864 but was shortly killed one year later (Abraham). 

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Months after the three-day battle at Gettysburg Abraham Lincoln spoke at the ceremony of honoring the union soldiers who had lost their lives fighting in the Civil War, which is now known as Soldier’s National Cemetery. His speech was a short but very monumental.

In the Gettysburg Address President Lincoln is honoring the fallen soldiers who have lost their lives fighting to preserve the Union but also addressing the fact that this country was ideal for freedom and liberty for all citizens. He referred back to the Declaration of Independence where it states “… all men are created equal” specifically the African Americans who were still enslaved in the southern states. He also talks about the new birth of freedom and government which is all nations coming to together and co-existing as our four fathers intended this nation to be (Abraham). 

The main purpose of the central government is to be at the hands of the citizens and fulfill the essential needs for a prospering nation. The main purpose of his speech was to spread the message for all states to unify as one. When Lincoln spoke at Gettysburg, it was not the same political speech that is required from all presidents in office; it was his last resort to transform the divided states outlook on being a better nation for which the constitution stands for. The Gettysburg Address was far from a political speech. 

The Gettysburg Address was written as a letter but given as a speech from sincerity of Lincoln’s heart to the thousands of people who came to honor the dead. Abraham Lincoln states that as of that day it has been less than one hundred years since the nation was founded and was established that everyone should have equal opportunity (Lincoln). He references that the world is testing that promise the founders has set (Lincoln). 

Yes, I do believe this documented letter given by Abraham Lincoln. This letter is reliable because it has been documented, published, and has been brought forth to thousands of people. It is reliable in the since of reaching the minds of the people who were oppose to the acts of the war between the states. To this day, the last draft of the speech is place in the White House’s collection (Small). 

It is embedded in his speech that he did not want people to forget what the main issue of the Civil War. It is also a reflection on the person who composed this document, the people saw that Abraham Lincoln as a man who believed he can transform the nation and with the powerful speech he gave at Gettysburg started the movement. He later went to pass the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863 that proclaimed all slaves held with the rebellion states shall be free (Lincoln). Even though it did not free all slaves, it was the first step for Lincoln to achieving his goal.

Edward Everett wrote to Lincoln “I could flatter myself, that I came as near to the central idea of the occasion … “(Everett). Abraham Lincoln was not the primary speaker of the ceremony it was Edward Everett, Lincoln was only asked to give special remarks of comfort; yet his brief speech is the most remembered of that day. It has marked a pivotal movement in American history during the Civil War. His speech particularly shed light on what life was like in that time. 

This speech influences me by Abraham Lincoln making it his top priority to rebuild and reunite northern and southern states. I am inspired by his dedication of keeping the topic of why the Civil War was initially about. Abraham Lincoln fought for the opportunity for all states to have the rights to delegate rights for people not just one person.

One interesting aspect of Abraham Lincoln speech was his approach to the people. He did not personally attack the Confederate soldiers who fought in the war, but he particularly addresses the solutions. I picked this topic because I feel that the Civil War could have been be a life changing event. It makes me think of all the possible outcomes of life if the Union did not win the war. Abraham Lincoln will always as a heroic figure in American history.

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