Situational Irony In The Necklace By Guy De Maupassant


Have you ever tried to cover something up, such as losing something that belongs to someone else? In the ironic story “The Necklace” by Guy de Maupassant, the main protagonist does just that. She borrowed a necklace from an old friend so that she could go to the gala. She did this because she didn’t want to look poor and wanted to stand out among all of the other rich, well-dressed people at the party. At the end of the night, she realized the necklace was no longer around her neck. She tries to cover her mistake by telling her friend that the clasp on the necklace has been broken and that she is having it mended, giving her more time to find the lost necklace or a replacement for it.

The Pinnacle of Situational Irony in “The Necklace”

There is plenty of Irony to be found in de Maupassant’s work. One example of situational Irony is, “I think I can manage it with four hundred francs” (Maupassant 2). What’s ironic about this? Mathilde had asked her husband Loisel for a dress so that she could go to the gala. The dress would cost roughly four hundred francs, the same amount he had been planning to save for a gun with which to go hunting.

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Another example, “Why, my necklace was paste. It was worth at most five hundred francs” (Maupassant 6), shows more situational Irony in having to pay back the tremendous sum of money, thirty-six thousand francs to be exact, only to realize that the original was little more than five hundred francs. They had borrowed money, used their inheritance, and even sold their house to pay for the replacement. They became extremely poor and had to work long hours just to scrape up enough money to get by.

The ultimate Irony (dramatic Irony), “Oh, my poor Mathilde! How you are changed!” (Maupassant 5), shows how being in debt from all of the payments has changed their entire way of life. Mathilde started out poor, and the cost of pretending to be rich for the evening was costly. Because she didn’t say anything to her friend, she ended up becoming even poorer. Even Mathilde’s friend could not recognize her, as she looked to be a “plain good wife” (Maupassant 5) standing before her. An example that supports this Irony is, “You can understand that it was not easy for us, us who had nothing” (Maupassant 6).


In conclusion, “The Necklace” by Guy de Maupassant is a solid example of Irony in literature. The author did well in implementing Irony into his story, and without it, it may be less memorable, but the main thing that makes this story so memorable is the shock of how ironic the ending is. Finding out that her ten years of hardship could’ve been avoided had she told her friend the truth.


  1. “The Necklace: A Novel” by Claire McMillan 

  2. “Maupassant’s The Necklace: A Student Guide” by Jody Passanisi 

  3. “The Short Stories of Guy de Maupassant: “The Necklace” and Other Tales” edited by Stanley Appelbaum

Isaac Newton Contribution To Scientific Revolution


Isaac Newton was many things: a physicist, astronomer, theologian, and author, as well as one of the greatest mathematicians and an extremely influential scientist. He was a big part of the scientific revolution.

Early Life and Academic Pursuits

Newton was born in Woolsthorpe, England in 1643. His father was a farmer who died months before he was born; his mother then remarried, leading to Newton spending the majority of his childhood with his grandmother. Newton tried to be a farmer like his father while going to the King’s School in Grantham before he attended the “University of Cambridge’s Trinity College in 1661” (History). While at the university, he studied classical curriculums but later was interested in modern philosophers’ work. However, when the plague hit Cambridge University, Newton had to move back home, where he began to explore his many theories. He made many discoveries between 1667 and 1671. Newton moved back to Cambridge in 1667 and was elected a minor fellow. In 1668, he created the first reflecting telescope, and then in 1669, he became Cambridge’s Lucasion professor of mathematics after finishing his Master of Arts degree. In 1671, he was asked to demonstrate his telescope to the Royal Society of London. A year later, he was elected to the society and published his notes on optics.

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Revolutionary Discoveries and Scientific Prowess

Isaac Newton discovered that white light was made up of all of the colors on the spectrum, as well as light being made up of particles instead of waves. However, Robert Hooke rebuked his findings, which eventually led to Newton’s nervous breakdown in 1678. Thus leading to his exit from the public eye for years. Years later, he returned to his studies on the law of gravity as well as the public eye. English astronomer Edmund Halley visited Newton in 1684 and found out that Newton had “Mathematically worked out the elliptical paths of celestial bodies” (History). Halley wanted him to get his notes in order, which became the publication of the 1687 Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy. This led to the laws of motion and universal gravity. His three laws of motion were “Every object in a state of uniform motion will remain in that state of motion unless an external force acts on it, Force equals mass times acceleration, and For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction” (History). These laws were what brought him to stardom and led him to be one of the most influential scientists. With this status, Newton chose to refute King James II’s act of denying catholic teachings at English Universities. King James II’s daughter Mary and her husband replaced him, leading to the 1688 Glorious Revolution.


Newton then represented Cambridge in Parliament the next year, leading to him being named warden of the Royal Mint and moving to London in 1696. In 1703, he became the president of the Royal Society, and in 1704, he published his “Opsticks” work. The next year, he was knighted by Queen Anne.


  1. “Newton and the Counterfeiter: The Unknown Detective Career of the World’s Greatest Scientist” by Thomas Levenson

  2. “The Principia: The Authoritative Translation and Guide” by Isaac Newton (translated by I. Bernard Cohen and Anne Whitman)

  3. “Isaac Newton and the Scientific Revolution” by Gale E. Christianson

  4. “Newton: A Very Short Introduction” by Rob Iliffe

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