Social Conditions Of British-India And The US

“The social conditions of British-India and the United States in the 1950s were similar in several ways. The first similarity is that the two countries experienced substantial growth in suburban living. The governments and the non-governmental organizations were readily available to assist the families of the ex-soldiers to settle in their home countries (Parsons, 2014). The second similarity is that segregation along with religious, cultural, gender and nationality were high. Several organizations were formed to ensure that the discrimination was minimized to create a peaceful living condition of all those living in the countries (Ramanathan, 2006). There was also a widespread fear of a possible nuclear attack due to the tension in different countries across the globe.

One similarity between the United States and British India in the 1950s was the instability of the governments. The two governments had not settled because of World War II that destroyed most of the infrastructures of the countries. The government came up with laws that aimed at reducing the level of racism in the countries. After the World War, people from different origins found their way into India and the United States. Therefore, the government had to propose laws that could help to create a peaceful coexistence between different communities.

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Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr. used similar strategies and tactics to fight for the rights of everyone in their countries. The first strategy used by the two was the nonviolent civil disobedience (Parsons, 2014). The nonviolent civil disobedience tactic aimed at breaking the unjust laws that segregated some of the communities in their countries. The second strategy used by the human rights activists were the organized protests. The protest was a way of showing their grievances towards the mistreatment of other communities by the governments and the state agencies. The activists organized a grassroots protest to show the level of their dissatisfaction of the government systems in all levels.

Nonviolent noncooperation as a strategy was effective both in India and in the United States. Different strategies were used by the activists to ensure that the citizen boycott the products and services offered by the government. Some of the products that were boycotted included the law courts, educational institutions, foreign-made products and resistance against the unjust laws and orders. The success of the strategy was associated with several factors. First, the strategy reduced the confrontation with the law enforcers thus attracting more participants. The law enforcers did not have the ground to attack the demonstrators because they were peaceful and law-abiding (Ramanathan, 2006).

The large groups that turned up for the demonstration attracted the attention of the international media which broadcasted the events to reach to the international organizations and the world at large. The leaders faced difficulties in running the governments because of the non-cooperation by the citizens. The governments could not raise enough revenue to meet their daily expense, and some of the employees also participated in the non-violent non-cooperation thus paralyzing the operations of the governments (Parsons, 2014).

When there is mistreatment of a community or communities in the country, the human rights activities are justified to use non-violent non-cooperation to bring the government to listen to the plight of the citizens. Non-violent non-cooperation is ethical due to several reasons. The use of non-violent non-cooperation can be justified because it protects the lives of all the participants. The people who participate in the movement cannot be attacked or prevented by the law enforcers because they do not break the laws that create peaceful coexistence of people in society. Secondly, the strategy involves the willing citizens without interfering with the activities of the people who are not willing to participate (Parsons, 2014).

Concept Of Sociology In Social Life

Sociology is the systemic study of the relationship between the individual and society and the consequences of difference (Witt, 2016 p.2) The concept of sociology play a major role in everyone’s life. By enrolling in this class, I have learned many aspects of Sociology that I can apply to my home, work, and social life.

The three areas that have made a huge impact in my life is that of breaking norms. Our text defines a norm as “the established standards of behavior maintained by a society” (p.55). For the Assignment in Unit IV, we conducted an experiment in which you break a folkway, a norm governing everyday behavior, and answer a series of response questions applying concepts you learned in this unit and the previous unit regarding breaking norms.

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For this assignment I choose the food norm of eating with my fingers at an upscale restaurant, while breaking this norm I was very uncomfortable and embarrassed with all the staring at me not to even mention someone pointed at me, so I know I was the topic of their conversation. As a result of their reaction I would not want to reinforce this norm.

Social norms have been around for ages; however, I believe some social norms should be considered a thing of the past. This norm characterizes the man as the bread winner and the woman as the homemaker, today career woman has broken the norm. many are opting to establish a career before marriage and children. In some family household the men are the homemakers this is another example of breaking the Norm.

The second social concept that have made a huge impact in my life is a combination of Inequality and social class. Growing up in the 70’s the social structure has changed tremendously, however inequality in my opinion has remained the same. As an African American woman, I am more at risk for inequality because of my gender and race. According to our text all major institution in the United States including government, military, corporations, the media and hospitals are mainly controlled by men (Witt. 2016). In my opinion woman face the challenge of gender inequality and a combination of Sexism within the workforce. For example, woman continue to be paid less than men in the same field because the social structure of many household in the United States the man is the breadwinner and the woman is the homemaker.

In conclusion, I really enjoyed this class, it has taught me a lot about mu culture and social role. This class made me realize why I say and do things in a certain ways, some are traditional folkways, that has been instilled in me from birth. This class has also taught me a lot about how inversely socialism works in society. I would recommend this class to anyone.

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