Article Summary 2: The Hydrosphere

For this current event assignment, find an article in a newspaper, weekly magazine, or web-site that relates to a topic or concept that is covered in our textbook in the chapters about the HYDROSPHERE. The article should be typical newspaper article length and cover the topic in sufficient depth that you can identify and discuss relevant physical geography concepts from the piece. Provide the following when posting this assignment:
TWO paragraphs (125-150 words each, or 250-300 words total) in your words to explain the relationship to TWO physical geography concepts.For each paragraph, DEFINE the physical geography term or concept in your own words.
EXPLAIN how this physical geography term or concept is relevant to understanding the topic or issue covered in the article.

One paragraph (125-150 words) in your own words to summarize the article and discuss why it is important (for example, how does this affect human lives, infrastructure, economy, biodiversity?)
Source and date of article (or articles, if you present information from multiple sources) in an APA-formatted reference list

I need someone who can paraphrase for me 450 words then do a laboratory report

1.Paraphrase the discussion section attached (400 words)
2. then do a brief lab report of about 400 words
The Guidelines are below
Access the simulation, Virtual Biology Lab: Island Biogeography.…
Read the Background Information.
Review the Tutorial to learn how to run the model and how to adjust parameters.
Manipulate the habitat types , island size, and distance from the mainland. Try each change with the different animal types. Be sure to clear the islands each time (at the bottom of the Design page).
Design and run some experiments to answer the questions below. Be sure to collect the data you obtain (save pictures of the data in tables and the figures that are plotted). Later, you can make your own graphs or tables comparing data from different situations.
Provide detailed results, such as graphs that show how does the number of species change as habitat type changes, size of the island etc. These graphs can include the screenshots of graphs produced by the program and/or graphs created by yourself using the collected data.
Respond to the following questions in your “Discussion” Section:Q1: How does island size affect the equilibrium number of species? Why? How does island size affect the comparative diversity of different animal groups?
Q2: How does distance from the mainland affect the equilibrium number of species? Why? How does distance from the mainland affect the comparative diversity of different animal groups?
Q3: How does habitat type affect the equilibrium number of species? Why? How does habitat type affect the comparative diversity of different animal groups
(the 3 questions have already be answered and attached for you paraphrase

Write a short lab report (400 words).The report must be typed and composed of only 3 sections (Methods, Results, and Discussion):MethodsBriefly explain the procedures you used to obtain your data.

ResultsPresent your findings using tables and graphs. Each graph and table should have a title and brief caption that explain the information presented by the figure.
Besides including tables and graphs, you must also include a narrative that describes and highlights the general trend or unique aspects of your data.
Don’t forget to include the name of the axes in your graphs.
Results are not just graphs and tables, you must include paragraphs describing those results and then you explain the meaning of those results in the Discussion section – not here. Again, you should NOT be interpreting the results in this section! This section focuses on what you observed quantitatively and qualitatively throughout the collection of data.

DiscussionInterpret results and draw conclusions. The significance and interpretation of your data should be explained in this section as well. You should be referencing the figures and tables included in the results section and explaining what these figures mean. Go into the results and relevance of your findings. Explain why you found those results and what they mean. Finally, include in this section the answers to the set questions posted above (Q1, Q2 and Q3).

creating a storymap

For this assignment, you will create a map using the free online software called ArcGIS Online StoryMap. You do NOT need ANY prior mapping experience to complete this project. The goal of this assignment is to pick a geographical theme pertaining to a natural or societal characteristic or pattern and map the distribution of that characteristic or pattern across the world. You can choose any theme that fits the assignment requirements; below are some suggestions.

Climate Reconstruction

–Use the link above to explore various types of paleoclimatological data
–Examine the spatial patterns of different types of paleclimatological datasets available at the global scale
–Is there any spatial clear spatial clustering of the coral cores?
–What type of features are the ice cores clustered around?

Contrast the North American region with the Latin American region

Relate and Compare all of these aspects and more with the North America and Latin America, (Include Mexico in Latin America).
For introduction, define the NA and Latin America regions in terms of area, population and little bit history of each region.
How big
Why it’s called Latin America
Why US and Canada not part of Latin America
Size of Latin America
GDP and GDP per capita and add other economical factors
Climate comparisons
Drugs transportation
Religious beliefs
History: Colonial rules, Slavery and little about how the regions are formed
The conclusion should answer “What can i deduce from these differences?”. Maybe talk about the future of the regions and etc.
Please ADD 3 or 4 Graphs or pictures and try to cover as many themes as possible (More aspects than what I mentioned) to provide a lot of information between these regions.

Discussion: Air Pollution

Part 1-Respond to the following prompt: Air pollution has been linked to increased rates of asthma, decreased lung capacity and shorter lives. Since the Industrial Revolution there have been numerous global episodes where human-life was taken from complications resulting from particulate pollution. In your post, explore some of the causes of particulate pollution. Is it always man-made? Are there particular climatic conditions that exacerbate smoggy conditions? In addition to human tolls, are there consequences on the natural environment?
Be sure to provide citations to your sources as you use research to support your own opinion.
Part 2-Respond to a classmate: After you have posted your first researched response to the prompt above, you will be able to see classmate’s posts. Choose 1 classmate to respond to. In your response you must engage in academic conversation by providing thoughtful analysis and elaborating on your classmate’s post. To earn full credit, you MUST include citations to research in your second post as well.

Religion geography

Ponder the reading you have completed in Half the Sky. All of Half the Sky should have been read by the time you respond to this Discussion Board forum. The following quotations from the book offer points to reflect upon:
“Then they took the door off so that the hyenas would get me.”
“My parents were ill, and they couldn’t afford sending me to school. Since I am the oldest child, my parents asked me to drop out and help with the housework.”
Locate two articles published in the New York Times within the past five years relating to your reading in Half the Sky; one article can be from the Opinion section, but at least one article must be a piece of news reporting or investigative journalism, not an article taken from the Opinion section. Provide a link to the article in a section marked References. The References section must also include an entry for Half the Sky (MLA, APA, Chicago, are acceptable; see Purdue Owl for guidelines: Purdue OWL // Purdue Writing Lab). This is the last section of the assignment.
Read the following prompts and choose one to consider for an essay you are tasked to write. Respond to one (and only one) of the following prompts in an essay of no less than 600 words, which must be written and saved in a Microsoft Word document:
Explain why it is important to educate girls in LDCs. Discuss strategies that might be implemented to facilitate higher levels of female literacy.
Explain health issues relating to women in LDCs, with particular reference to fistulas and maternal mortality during childbirth. What might be effective ways to address these problems and what are feasible strategies for individual Americans to render aid?
Use examples from Half the Sky and the New York Times articles you selected to craft your essay. Do not use any sources other than Half the Sky and the New York Times.
After writing this essay, write a question of no less than 20 words, which is directed to the class. It is important for students to realize that questions posed must generate dialogue about the subject being examined, and it is imperative that this dialogue relies on facts, not opinions. Given that, the quality of the question posed by each student is considered in grading their entries, as well as the quality of the question responded to by students, in addition to their essays. Normally, questions that ask fellow students merely about their opinions are considered inadequate. Students must show analytical thinking in designing the questions they pose, as these questions task their fellow students to draw from their assigned readings and outside sources to generate profound conclusions. Not only are students penalized heavily for raising simple-minded questions asking for opinions (for example, but not limited to a preface of “What do you think …” or “What would you do…..” or “Have you ever…”), students choosing to answer these simple-minded questions are also penalized. In a similar vein, students are highly discouraged from (discussing or) asking each other about personal experiences, hypothetical situations, and/or personal religious beliefs. An individual student’s personal religious affiliation is considered largely irrelevant to an examination of the subject matter of this course.
Overall, no less than 620 words are to be written. Once the assignment has been written in a Microsoft Word document, it must be saved. Then it must be proofread. Be sure that your writing is carefully organized in distinguishable paragraphs; do not present your writing in one long paragraph.
Copy your assignment from the Microsoft Word document and paste it in the text box in the appropriate Discussion Board forum. Do not submit the Microsoft Word document as an attachment. If the assignment is submitted as a Microsoft Word document attachment, no credit will be received for this exercise. If more than one thread is posted, no credit is awarded for this exercise. If the minimum-word requirement is not met, no credit is awarded for this exercise. Quoting parts of any readings is prohibited; paraphrasing is required. The due date for this assignment can be found in the Due Dates section on Blackboard.
Note: Each student is tasked with submitting one—and only one— posting for each Discussion Board forum. Please read directions carefully and follow them accordingly. In completing assignments, use only use assigned course materials; these include Globalization and Diversity, Half the Sky, videostreams linked to Discussion Board forums, and assigned articles and podcasts (where relevant), in addition to New York Times articles selected by students.

The dissertation focuses on the negative ways in which tourism might have impacted the mountainous environment in a specific

The dissertation focuses on the negative ways in which tourism might have impacted the mountainous environment in a specific part of Italy. The area studied is the Cortina d’Ampezzo town and the Tre Cime Di Lavaredo hiking trail next to this town. The investigation was carried out early September 2022 from 9th to the 11th. The fieldwork focused on analysing 5 indicators of negative tourism impact.
1. Water quality – this was measured using water test strips

In our second module, we study national cultural differences. Most of you have learned over the years that dealing

In our second module, we study national cultural differences. Most of you have learned over the years that dealing with cultural differences is not always pleasant and blunders happen. In this discussion, we will focus on the difficult cultural encounters. While you are encouraged to use outside references, you can share your own experiences for this discussion.

Cultural differences are the topic where social and work life overlap. Start preparing your discussion posting by reading David Livermore’s blog post “Weird, Rude, or Different?! Awkward Cross-Cultural Moments” (link: Then read another article by David Livermore ( that describes situations that you may have encountered at work. For instance, meetings have a very different purpose in different cultures. You also learn about cultural differences from the textbook chapter and the lecture. Livermore explains in this blog: “ many cultures, the social context is the most important environment for building trust.” Livermore offers practical ideas on how to handle these situations. It always takes time to learn to deal with cultural differences.

Some of you may have experienced several cross-cultural blunders, but some may have just started to explore these differences. In this discussion, we will share the difficult cross-cultural encounters you have experienced in your personal or work life (or both) and what they taught you. Sometimes my students say that they did not realize until in this course that something was cultural, not personal. If you cannot remember any cross-cultural challenges, share what types of cross-cultural issues might be complex for you. For instance, if you are an American (born and raised here), you might have a problem with extensive collectivism or relaxed time perception of Latinos, Arabs, or Southern Europeans.

Intro to Archae Meth

Students will also have to submit ONE Case Study/Archaeology Assignment, which will be typewritten and 3 to 5 pages in length. This will require you to engage in some form or research utilizing the University Library and its resources. The due date for the Case Study depends on the topic you choose to complete. The Case Study topics and guidelines will be put on Brightspace, and I am happy to meet with students during my office hours to discuss these case studies. There are three possible due dates throughout the term (see Schedule of Classes and Assignments and the Case Study guidelines for information on the nature of the assignment and the possible due dates).

cyclones and anticyclones? How do they form? What are the characteristics of each?


-Before you write, make an outline and read and define the salient terms that are associated with your question.
-You should have clearly defined sections including an introduction, body and conclusion.
-This is not a dissertation or scientific paper that will be peer reviewed. But your introduction should clearly state what you will be discussing in the body of the paper. But please do so without just restating the question.
-Avoid “I” statements at all costs. Did you do this research? No. You are merely reporting it in your own words.
-DO NOT repeat the question or rephrase it to add to your word count.
-Avoid statements like: “In this paper I am going to talk about global warming.” Use more powerful and definitive language, no filler.
-Avoid flowery language and long transitional sentences to run out the clock. For example: “As you can see from what Dr. Smith noted in his work that we mentioned in the last paragraph, it is clear that …” That’s 23 words that say and add absolutely nothing to your paper. Such attempts to “pad” your word count will be penalized.
-There should be several examples that describe, in your your own words, the concepts and/or phenomena associated with the question you chose to answer. Come up with your own analogies, similes, metaphors etc.
-Never write “In conclusion, you can see that …”
Your conclusion is not just a re-hash of what you said in the body. Here you will synthesize your thoughts, draw inferences and possibly pose questions that were raised during your research.







culture geography ch9

Read the frequently asked questions I’ve posted below. Then reply to the questions, making sure not to just reply to the original FAQ.
1.Can you please explain the “age of mass consumption” to me?
It refers to our current culture of mass consumption: buying hordes of products and stuff, much of it being not really needed and rapidly disposable; e.g. a new cell phone every other year, new cars, new clothes, more shoes, super-sized meals, almost everything coming with extra packaging, etc. How about leaf blowers? These are just some of the blatant material things. What about information consumption? Many humans also consume staggering amounts of social[sic] media and “non-social” media (TV, news, sports, pornography, etc.), of which there’s a huge connection with material consumption.
How does such consumption affect society and effect global warming (deliberate choice of principal vowels there) in your eyes?
2.Is it possible for a second or third world country to improve its ranking to a first or second world?
Yes indeed. However, they are outdated terms. Third World was a term coined by the countries that weren’t associated with the Cold War between prominent communist nations and capitalist nations. Since then, many “third world” nations have developed massively, e.g. China, Chile, Mexico, etc.
What are your perspectives on these issues and terms?
3.I find it interesting to think that people find developments in nations based on GDP and the economy alone, this seems like a capitalist way of looking at things. Do other forms of economies see this the same way? Furthermore, how do geographers think of economics being a key factor in development? Do they agree or do they look more towards human development?
Indeed, there are numerous flaws with solely focusing on GDP. No, other forms of economies don’t see it the same way. There are many ways of analyzing economics by geographers. Over the past few decades most geographers have become critical of traditional economic paradigms and their drive to quantify and essentialize. Development is highly contested: in terms of what counts as it, how it’s structured, who benefits from it, and many intersectional politics come into play. As you say, human development is much more central. What are your views on it?
Here’s a neat resource:

culture geography ch8

Read the frequently asked questions I’ve posted below. Then reply to the questions, making sure not to just reply to the original FAQ.
1.FAQ: Why are farms primarily worked on by migratory crews? What makes manual labor and farming labor very common for migrant laborers?

Who farms are primarily worked by really depends where that farm is. But yes, migratory crews are common due to the seasonal nature of agriculture and crops; e.g. peaches ripen in summer, apples in the fall. Farming is manual labor. It’s very physical. It’s common among immigrant communities because of lax labor laws, farm work visas, and exploitative management practices commonly utilized and manipulated in the industry. What are your perspectives on these issues?
2.FAQ: How do physiographic barriers contribute to the different forms of religion? What examples are there?
Regional, physiographic barriers can contribute to separation in religions due to the way significant land forms and water bodies can isolate people and movement of people; e.g. Buddhism in Tibet is much different than the predominant sect, Chan/Zen, in most other areas of China, in a large part because of the isolation of the Tibetans on the Tibetan Plateau for many centuries.
Which other areas, regions, or countries do you see as representative of physiographic barriers contributing to the different forms of religion, and conversely, where as do you see it as significantly different?
3.FAQ: Why are farms primarily worked on by migratory crews? What makes manual labor and farming labor very common for migrant laborers?

Who farms are primarily worked by really depends where that farm is. But yes, migratory crews are common due to the seasonal nature of agriculture and crops; e.g. peaches ripen in summer, apples in the fall. Farming is manual labor. It’s very physical. It’s common among immigrant communities because of lax labor laws, farm work visas, and exploitative management practices commonly utilized and manipulated in the industry. What are your perspectives on these issues?

Geography of Religion

Please respond (in 150-250 words each) to the following questions
1) How does the Old City of Jerusalem and the people who worship and live there depict geographies of diffusion? For your reference, page 258 also has a detailed map and information on its World Heritage Site status.
2) Following up on this chapter’s Subject to Debate section on Religious Fundamentalism, what role does the media in creating the perception of / inciting the practice of religious antagonism? How is this influenced by globalization? Include examples of how these dynamics show up in your daily lives.

culture geography discussion 7

Read the frequently asked questions I’ve posted below. Then reply to the questions, making sure not to just reply to the original FAQ.
1.FAQ: The percentage of people who follow Judaism (0.2%) was surprising, to me I assumed Judaism was akin to Islam or Christianity in numbers, Why is it that Judaism is talked about more than Hinduism or Buddhism at least in the united states?
I feel that’s because Christianity stemmed from Judaism. It’s much less foreign to status-quo culture and media in N. America than Asian religions.
What other areas, regions, or countries do you see as representative these cultural dynamics and where as significantly different?
2.FAQ: America appears to be widely Protestant in opposition to Catholic although both are Christian religions which believe in Jesus Christ and God. Why are some Christian followers conforming to Protestantism instead of Catholic teachings?

There’s a long history of Christian groups, perhaps starting first with the Protestant reformation, stepping away from the Catholic church for many different reasons. But related to the US, mentioned in your question, it was founded by a strong Protestant following, so there’s a historical pathway factor in why it’s more popular in the US today still.
Which areas, regions, or countries do you see as also representative of this divide and where as significantly different?
3.FAQ: How does religion change over time to accommodate the needs of its people?
Most religions have to adapt based on cultural changes and perceptions. Some Christians now find abortion acceptable, e.g. Religions can also take on new symbolism through time, based on arriving in new places, e.g. the sacred symbols of Tibet being incorporated into Buddhism there, and the holy cross being revered in Ireland with the historic precedent of the Celtic cross. Which areas, regions, or countries do you see as also representative of religious change and where as significantly different?

tempest tours

Check out this site for storm and tornado chasing tours: (Links to an external site.)
Imagine that you want to witness and experience a severe thunderstorm. Imagine that you want to see a tornado. Then, explore what’s involved in taking a storm chasing tour with Tempest Tours. Review the booking schedule, price per person, length of tour, and liability waivers. Then, answer the following questions:
What are the advantages and disadvantages of storming chasing through a professional company like Tempest Tours?
Are there advantages and disadvantages of storm chasing on your own?
(Please write at least two paragraphs, at least five sentences in each paragraph).

Topic 1. NASWA Geography in the News For this discussion, find a recent news article (within the past 12

Topic 1. NASWA Geography in the News

For this discussion, find a recent news article (within the past 12 months) that describes the latest developments in a conflict, issue, or other major event in this the NASWA realm. Provide a brief summary of the conflict/issue/event that your article describes, and your own analysis of how this issue might affect the realm, and might be resolved. Be sure that the topic of the news article has some connection with the geographical issues and concepts we’ve been discussing, and be sure to highlight these connections in your discussion.

Remember that your article summary must be in your own words to avoid plagiarism.


Topic 2. Oil

It’s hard to discuss this region of the world without talking about oil. Pick a country in this region with significant oil reserves and exports. Provide a brief descriiption of the amount of oil this country exports and has in reserves. What difficulties does this country face in extracting and exporting its oil? Also, how has the revenue generated by this oil have been used (or misused) by the country you chose? Do you think the oil revenue is being used in a way that will best benefit the country in the future?

is the implementation of cyber law enforcement in policing data breaching in the United States and China?

Topic: Comparing data protection law enforcement between Asia and North America in the age of Big Data and AI
Guidelines for research paper
Reference type: MLA
Font: Arial
Size: 12
Please use graphs, diagrams and geographic models and maps as it must link to Geography(Global risks and resilience)
Please use some primary(local study) and secondary data.
Please be analytical and use spatial elements of Geography.

GEOG 339 Geographic Information Systems

You will do a GIS analysis,
To answer a question. Formulate your question. Once you have the question written, explain how you will use GIS to solve it. Present your results from your work. Then write up your conclusions. I expect you to have a map and a narrative of 2-5 pages. Also, you will need to cite any sources in APA format.

Physical Geography Project

1. What is the Köppen Climate Classification System and what are the five main
climate types described in this system? Provide a brief description of each.
(5 points)
2. What are the seven controls of climate as outlined in class lecture and
provide a description of each? (7 points)
3. What is the town you writing about for this project? Provide an absolute
location of the town you are discussing and a physical description of the
area. You may want to include a map. (8 points)
4. What is the climate type according to the Köppen climate classification
system for your city/location? Provide the two or three letter abbreviation and
briefly describe the climate type (20 points).
a. You can use the map and the source on the following pages to help you narrow down
the climate type. You will also notice that some of the controls of climate are
represented on the map.
5. Discuss the climate controls that gives your town its unique climate according
to Koppen Climate Classification. (20 points)
a. Review lectures, your course notes, and textbook readings, and my lectures on the 7
climate controls. Review the tables in our textbook that give a description, controlling
factors, geographic distribution, and distinguishing characteristics for the climates.
More on the following page.
6. Discuss the seasonal changes in weather and air masses, and the
temperature and precipitation averages and patterns for your location.
(20 points)
a. Suggested websites above may help you obtain this information. You may want to
include a graph or a table depicting your town precipitation and temperature monthly
averages. Remember to cite the reference under the tables or graphs and put the
source in the bibliography.
7. Discuss the vegetation (biogeography) common to the area as it relates to
climate. Why does the location have the vegetation type and what makes it
unique to the climate type of the location? What type of animals live in this
location? (18 points)
8. REFERENCES: (2 points)
a. Site any reference you use on the last page (bibliography) and make
sure you cite the reference within your document as well for direct
quotes and/or paraphrasing.
If you use a website as a source such as NOAA or, try to locate the
author who provided the information on the topic. If you cannot find the author, use the
line and year convention as illustrated below in replace of a named author. If you
choose to use my lectures which is perfectly fine, you will need to use the following
format below in the bibliography. If you can find an author of a website, great. If you
cannot find the author, you can cite substituting a line for an author in your reference
section as illustrated below. Do not put the website name in the body of your paper at
the end of the sentence. The line substitutes for an author(s). If you have multiple
websites of the same year that you have used with no author, then you can use the
alphabet at the end of the year in your citations to differentiate between them in the
body of the paper (see below).
One of your web citations would look like this in your reference (bibliography) section
the purpose of this assignment is to create connections between all the concepts you
have learned so far in this course while discussing the climate of your hometown.
For your hometown, discuss the vegetation characteristics, controls of climate,
temperature and precipitation averages and patterns, and indicate and describe the
climate type according to the Köppen Classification System. Provide the two or three-letter description in your paper such as Aw, Cfa, or Dfa. See below and on the following
pages for paper format and point structure.
The format of your paper should be 12-point font, double-spaced, with one-inch
margins. The total page length of your written paper should be no less than 1.5
pages. Include a cover page with your name and a bibliography page of your