The assassination of Julius Caesar left the Roman Republic in chaos, creating a serious power vacuum within the Roman

The assassination of Julius Caesar left the Roman Republic in chaos, creating a serious power vacuum within the Roman state. Multiple factions began jockeying for position. Julius Caesar’s nephew, Octavian, had his own faction. Marc Antony, one of Caesar’s closest allies, had another faction, as did some powerful generals and the senators who killed Caesar. In the end, Octavian was the only one left standing. As Caesar’s heir and a talented leader, many people saw him as Rome ’s savior, his power growing with every military victory. In 31 BC, he defeated Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium, leaving him in absolute control of Rome.

He’s gone down in history as Caesar Augustus, Rome’s first emperor.

Despite his popularity, his military skill, and his lack of serious rivals, Augustus was very cautious in how he used his power. He was very careful to preserve the illusion of a functioning r epublic while wielding absolute power behind the scenes. In particular, he was very careful to make the Senate feel as if it still had a role to play in the government, even though it was largely filled with his own hand picked candidates. As you read, pay attention to the titles he used and think about why he used them. Pay just as much attention to the decisions Augustus made and why he made them. Finally, try to figure out why he cared so much about appearances.

Written Assignment: Please answer the following questions in your paper.

How did Augustus manage to become the absolute ruler of Rome? That is, how did he manage to convince the Senate and People of Rome to follow him, despite the fact that he was brazenly disobeying the constitution?

The essay should be between 2 and 3 pages, typed, double-spaced, and in no larger than a 12 point font. It should be based on The Deeds of the Divine Augustus

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