The Big Stick In The Caribbean Sea And Overfishing

This is a huge problem, but few people know about it. The Caribbean, an amazing place teeming with life, used to be one of the most diverse marine ecosystems in the whole world. It still has a number of coral reefs in many areas, but the use of large gill nets is starting to wipe out the population of many species of fish, including the endangered red snapper and the endangered bluefin tuna that live in these areas. Not only that, but these are also the ones being targeted by fishermen in these parts. These may not seem like important fish, but these, especially the tuna, are the staple diet of most birds, dolphins, and other animals here.

Now, what the tuna and snappers eat are bait fish that live in these areas. These include ballyhoo, which is eaten by almost every predatory fish and seabirds in these areas. Ballyhoo are taken from the wild for bait, but in very small numbers and are not in much trouble because the plants and zooplankton they eat are not endangered. The gill nets used to harvest the sought-after fish have holes the perfect size for what they are meant to catch, and are usually too big to catch the ballyhoo. Not just tuna! The nets used to capture the fish work something like shown below. This is a diagram to show how it catches fish. It is very effective, even better than rod and reel setups in some cases. But one can easily tell that if a protected fish or a baby dolphin or something got stuck, it was the end. This makes a problem because the fish often die in the net so when it is pulled out, you cannot save it.

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There are laws protecting species and saying if they are caught, they have to be thrown back. But you cannot help them being caught. Also, if it is dead, even if you throw it back it won’t help. The reason the fish die is because the net gills them, which means their gills get stuck in the net. Fish are very sensitive in their gills and, putting aside the fact that many people gill fish to land them, it is still a very bad thing to hold a fish from its gill. If a fish’s gill can’t open and close easily then it will most likely not survive long. If a dolphin, whale or porpoise is stuck in a gill net, it will not be able to breathe and will also die. Most people don’t consider that birds too can get stuck in these nets. If a bird like a gull or a tern sees the fish stuck in the nets, they will think it is food and dive to get it. In the process, it will get its wing or beak stuck in the net, and unable to reach the surface to breathe, it will die.

To add to this awful cause, birds hang around these fishing boats to eat leftover or “scrap” fish. Not just the snappers are snapping about it! People are actually trying to help by raising these fish indoors, but these “hatcheries,” as they call them, make more money selling these beautiful fish to pet stores than they do releasing them into protected areas where they can’t legally be hunted. People are trying to help these fish, but it’s really hard. The governments that own these reefs can’t just ban gillnet fishing altogether. People would fight against that, but we can protect more of these sites so gillnet fishing can’t happen there. A coral reef is a supersite. A supersite is a place where more wildlife can live than in a normal area. “We know that well-managed marine protected areas can increase the resilience of marine species in the Caribbean and the Pacific in the face of mounting threats. In an extremely species-rich region dominated by small island states, intergovernmental cooperation between countries should be boosted to ensure protected areas are managed effectively, and destructive fishing practices are minimized,” says Kent Carpenter, manager of the IUCN Marine Biodiversity Unit. We can help too. If we buy the right kind of pet fish, the demand will lower and overfishing will stop.

When getting a fish, ask where it was taken from, and only buy those bred in captivity. As long as we take care, the reefs will be fine. However, it’s not just the Caribbean that’s being majorly overfished; the Great Barrier Reef and other places are probably even worse than these islands. It’s our choice what we do with the world. We can deplete it, or we can conserve it. What we’re doing now is depleting it, but that can change. If we’re careful, then we’ll be able to save this beautiful sea!

An Introduction To The Age Of Enlightenment And The French Revolution

On 9th November 1799, the future emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte, took power. The intervening period may be divided into several stages: first the Regency, followed by the reigns of Louis XV and Louis XVI, and finally the French Revolution.

France, the most populated country in Europe, was to experience almost eighty years of domestic peace and economic prosperity. The emergence of the philosophical spirit in salons, cafes, and clubs led to the gradual erosion of monarchical authority. Strengthened by their newfound financial power, the capitalistic bourgeoisie showed clear signs of wanting to annex political power, an ambition that would be achieved from 1789 onwards. In the domain of the arts, the ageing Louis XIV hoped to see “childhood instilled in everything.” Under the Regency, this trend of light-heartedness became more pronounced and was to flourish during the reign of Louis XV. The widespread taste for elegance, comfort, and beautiful objects even infiltrated the ranks of the bourgeoisie. However, in the second half of the century, the philosophers reacted against society’s libertine tendencies. They advocated a return to the virtues of Ancient and Republican Rome, the majority of which would be adopted as the revolutionary ideal.

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During this time period, people would pay taxes called “tithes” to the church. Moreover, you could also pay indulgences to the Church to be forgiven of your sins. The common belief was that the more money you paid in indulgences, the better chance you had of going to heaven. The Church of this period is considered by many historians to be a manipulative, influential, and powerful force.

Some key figures of this period are the French philosopher, Voltaire, and the King of the time, Louis XVI. Voltaire was born on November 21, 1694, in Paris. Voltaire’s style, wit, intelligence, and a keen sense of justice made him one of France’s greatest writers and philosophers.

Voltaire left school at sixteen and soon formed friendships with a group of sophisticated Parisian aristocrats. Paris society sought his company for his cleverness, humor, and remarkable ability to write verse. In 1717, he was arrested for writing a series of satirical verses ridiculing the French government and was imprisoned in the Bastille. In 1726, Voltaire insulted a powerful young nobleman and was given two options: imprisonment or exile. He chose exile and from 1726 to 1729, lived in England. While in England, Voltaire was attracted to the philosophy of John Locke. His book was thought to criticize the French government, and Voltaire was forced to flee Paris again.

In 1759, Voltaire purchased an estate called “Ferney” near the French-Swiss border where he lived until just before his death. Ferney soon became the intellectual capital of Europe. Throughout his years in exile, Voltaire produced a constant flow of books, plays, pamphlets, and letters. He was a voice of reason, and an outspoken critic of religious intolerance and persecution.

Voltaire returned to a hero’s welcome in Paris at age 83. The excitement of the trip was too much for him, and he died in Paris. Because of his criticism of the church, Voltaire was denied burial in church ground. He was finally buried at an abbey in Champagne. In 1814, a group of “ultras” stole Voltaire’s remains and dumped them in a garbage heap. No one was the wiser for some 50 years. His enormous sarcophagus was checked, and the remains were gone. His heart, however, had been removed from his body and now lies in the Bibliotheque nationale in Paris. His brain was also removed but disappeared after an auction.

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