Tourism In Nepal: Exploring The Land Of Himalayas And Cultural Diversity

About Nepal

Nepal is a country located south of Asia, which has Himalayan mountain ranges. India, China, and Tibet are neighboring countries of Nepal. The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu. Nepal is a place of tourism where one can see or camp for Mount Everest, the highest peak on earth, which lies on the Nepal-China border. There are many things to do and places to visit in Nepal, like Lord Shiva temple, called the famous Pashupati temple, Kathmandu Valley, the city of Lake Pokhara, Annapurna Massif, mountain hiking and climbing, etc.

Culture in Business Aspects

There are different ethnic groups and languages in Nepal. The two main religion people follow in Nepal are Hinduism and Buddhism. Ethics to start a business in Nepal, The employer/business person should know these qualities to interact and make Nepalese comfortable to agree to the business. Those are as follows:

• Greet them in a traditional way, like a firm handshake.

• Business meetings with their traditional food and cultural program

• Not much involvement in business negotiation; instead, try to make good relationships.

• Nepalese are really loyal to their work.

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Political impact on Business

The politics of Nepal is not that good because of the conflict between Maoist and Nepali people. Nepal was a kingdom ruled by King for so many years, but later, in the twentieth-century communist party of Nepal formed and replaced the king with the People’s Republic. The political factors affecting business in Nepal are bureaucracy, Tariffs, corruption, Business Law, Tax, Import/Export Policy, etc. Nepal underwent different political changes that impacted business a lot. In the year 2006, most of the seats were occupied by the Maoist Communist party, which made the Nepal people really to survive in the country, Indirectly impacting businesses like tourism, investors in Nepal, etc.

Economic Analysis

Nepal’s economy depends on the following:

• Tourism

• Agriculture/Forestry

• Industry

Nepal is a really good place for tourism business. One can invest in Hotels and provide all the stuff for mountain hiking and climbing. Other than tourism, one can start renting land and farming for rice, sugarcane, tea, jute, etc. Also, to process food and build industries to process sugarcane for sugar, rice mills, and tea industries.

The most important Nepalese Gurkha people are really loyal and strong in all aspects, mental and physical, to form the Army force. Any country can invest in Nepal to open an institution to train people like them. Education is also a good area where one can invest as Nepal lacks good higher institutes people have to travel to different countries to pursue higher studies. There are some more areas where Nepal lacks software industries, textile, and Medical industries.

Legal Aspect of Doing Business in Nepal

There are some government offices and departments that business person or investor has to deal with, like Nepal’s government bank Nepal Rastra Bank, DOI Department of Industries, and Office of Registrar, etc. The requirementRequirements for doing business in Nepal are:

• Company unique name.

• Background Check with a professional agency

• Company registration at the Department of Industry and Office of the Company Registrar.

• Tax filing Register

• Provident Fund for Employee Registration

There are different business entities for doing business in Nepal:

• LLC -Nepal limited liability company

• PLC-Nepal public limited company

• Nepal branch office

• Nepal representative office

Example and Summary

Explanation of each aspect taking the company into consideration. I came across one of the companies that are making innovative solutions in the robotics division. The company is ‘The Hi-Tech Robotic Systems Ltd.’ from Nepal. They started with the idea of making all different kinds of driverless vehicles and enabling smart lives with robots. Initially, their robots were for defense purposes like mobile robotic platforms with manipulator arms, automated bomb diffusely platforms, surveillance robots, motion platforms, etc.

But later, using the same technology, they entered into the world of industrial robots, where they are currently making robots to transfer material from one location to another. Also, they have solutions that replace conventional conveyors, and the complete assembly of the vehicles is happening on the robot itself.

The most innovative solution for them is the Novus Drive – Driverless shuttle. They claim that they have already developed a kit that can be mounted to any vehicle, and it can run autonomously. You must have heard about the Google Car; it is much similar to that, except it is a kit and can make any car or vehicle unmanned. They have already started selling this car/shuttle to Indian Army to save human lives and also to close campuses for the driverless experience.

Recently, a path-breaking product was launched by the company. Much like the Novus Drive, they launched a kit that can convert any forklift in the industry into an autonomous vehicle. They have already installed some machines of such type in the industrial space of India. The company wants to expand its operations in the United States.

Economical: Since this company is into the manufacturing of Autonomous robots, the economic factors should be taken into consideration. Since the interest rates and labor costs are higher in the States, the company could consider manufacturing in its home country, i.e., India, and then provide local service support.

Political: Political factors are an important aspect when a county is trying to go global. Since in the States, the government is stable and very progressive & open to innovations and new businesses; the company should be able to do its business in a much more convincing manner.

Legal: There are no legal barriers to entering the market. The company might need local service and support providers along with local talents to flourish the business. In some cases, the company might also need to enter the market along with a JV with the local partner.

Cultural: Since people are willing to work for jobs that would enhance their skills and they can do more value-added work, they wish to replace mundane human processes with automated processes, which would make life simpler and jobs more centric. Thus, the company will be well accepted in the States with the kind of products they are producing.

Similarly, tourism is the other good area where investors can invest in hotel and resort projects. There is a demand for people everywhere for work because of unemployment in Nepal people are moving to other countries to earn. This is a good opportunity for a businessman to build an industry there and give them employment in their home country with cheap labor costs.

On the other hand, Nepal is a democratic country now and a really good freedom for people to adapt to changes and new technologies. Schools and institutions in Nepal are still old. They have the same thinking as in old age, but now it is changing slowly due to social media, which is helping people to change and help the economy grow together and make the country rich so that they do not need to leave their country for living. When people freely interact with their family and one another, they will be willing to contribute more to their work which eventually helps to grow business and personal development. Last but not least, to summarize my report on doing business in Nepal, I find it good to invest in the following sectors:

• Transport: commute is really a big issue for Nepalese. There are no such Uber/lyft facilities which made it a monopoly for rich people to rent their cars for such rental.

• Electricity Project: Nepal has 3-rives Karanali, Gandki, and Koshi, which is good for any hydroelectric project.

• Infrastructure: After 2015 earth most of Nepal’s Infrastructure and road damages, Infrastructure companies find this as a good option to expand their business.

• Information technology: Nepal is lagging way behind in IT. Qualified individuals are available at a cheap cost for giant IT companies.

• Telecommunication: There are just limited service providers in the least range, not covering all parts of Nepal; this makes new investors come to the market with good service and make it available to all the cities and villages with high-speed internet connectivity.

References

  1. Lawoti, Mahendra; Hangen, Susan (1 January 2013). ‘Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict in Nepal: Identities and Mobilization After 1990’.
  2. PESTLEanalysis Contributor.https://pestleanalysis.com/political-factors-affecting-business/: Feb 24, 2015.
  3. The Himalaya Times. https://thehimalayantimes.com/business/bad-politics-affecting-nepals-economic-development-mahat/ December 30, 2015.
  4. Magnus Hatlebakk. Nepal: A Political Economy Analysis: https://www.cmi.no/publications/file/6381-nepal-a-political-economy-analysis.pdf: November 2017
  5. Leo E. Rose Matinuzzaman Zuberi Pradyumna P. Karan Richard Riseley Proud: https://www.britannica.com/place/Nepal: Jun 14, 2018

Pathos In “I Have A Dream” Speech By Martin Luther King Jr.

Introduction

One of the most unforgettable speeches in America’s history is the “I Have a Dream Speech.” This heartwarming speech marked the beginning of a new era in black history. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered this speech at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC, on 28 August 1963. King gave his speech to an immediate crowd of 250,000 followers who had rallied from around the nation in a March on Washington held in front of the Lincoln Memorial. Things have changed a lot since King Jr spoke before the masses, but the fight he began continues.

Pathos: The Power of Emotional Appeal

African-Americans are still fighting for equal status. However, King used his powerful rhetoric to show his people a new direction and persuade them to stand united. King was a great advocate of Mahatma Gandhi’s idea of nonviolence and wished that whites and people of color could live together in peace. King imagined a brighter future for the people of color and an environment in which white people could share space with African Americans and create a stronger nation and society free from discrimination. King’s rhetoric was powerful, and millions found inspiration and hope in his words. King started his speech with the lines, “I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.” King’s initial words are a call for unity and to take a united stand against discrimination. With these words, he sets the background and foundation of his speech and his vision of the future that includes freedom, non-discrimination, and long-lasting happiness.

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In his speech, King frequently looks back at moments in American history and refers to the leaders who laid the foundation of free America. This adds ethical appeal to his speech. However, King’s speech is also rich in imagery, and his phrases frequently paint the picture of a beautiful dream-like nation where peace and prosperity abound. His speech keeps growing more dramatic and engaging. King tries to make the frustration visible that years of neglect have caused. While reading the speech, one can feel King’s soul in it. His firm faith in unity and benevolence is evident at every stage. There is a clear expression of anger in his speech at the boundaries that have kept African Americans from finding happiness in their lives. The emotional appeal or pathos in his speech grows stronger when King spells out that the freedom and rights the African Americans have been being denied is a debt on the nation, and this debt has kept growing larger – those promises made earlier are like bad checks or hollow spheres. However, hope is not dead, and justice and equality will have to prevail. King speaks with passion and energy but in an urgent tone. His plentiful use of imagery evokes pictures that are strong and meaningful. Phrases like “seared in the flames of withering injustice,” “quicksands of racial injustice,” and “sweltering summer of the Negro’s legitimate discontent” bring alive the tragedy that repeats in black people’s daily lives.

The Dream of Unity and Nonviolence

King’s dream was a dream of perfect equality, unity, and brotherhood. Millions of hearts of his followers shared this dream. King wanted the distance to his dream to be covered faster. He reasons strongly, speaking of the losses the Black community is bearing because America defaulted on its promise. He uses facts from American history to support his logic. If there is a peaceful method of ending the misery in people’s lives, then it is the path of nonviolence. When he says ‘five score years ago,’ he means it has already been too late. As he repeats one hundred years later, he means that the miseries inflicted on the Black community are rather too many to count, and waiting any longer would be utterly painful. King urges the crowd that the solution can be found if they adopt peaceful and nonviolent methods. “We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protests to degenerate into physical violence.” His focus on nonviolence strengthens his logic. As King explains in the later parts of his speech, the Black community can gain control through nonviolent and peaceful methods and not through recklessness or violence.

Conclusion

King also connects his dream with the American Dream to see that peace and prosperity for Black people can be made possible through nonviolent struggle. King’s diction is expertly placed with metaphors, and he gets emotional throughout his speech. The tone of the I Have a Dream Speech is buoyant and hopeful and all with a sense of determination. His speech was and still is extremely effective. An eloquent call to action, the speech emphasized his belief that the movement of said speech would create a society in which character, rather than color, prevailed.

References

  1. Martin Luther King Jr., “I Have a Dream” Speech, Lincoln Memorial, Washington, DC, August 28, 1963.

  2. Gandhi, Mahatma. “The Essential Gandhi: An Anthology of His Writings on His Life, Work, and Ideas.” Edited by Louis Fischer. Vintage, 2002.

  3. Brophy, Jere. “Teacher-Student Interactions in Urban At-Risk Classrooms: Differential Behavior, Relationship Quality, and Student Satisfaction with School.” The Elementary School Journal 94, no. 4 (1994): 345-367.

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