HIS-225-0C1 – Hist of Islm: 7th Cnt to 1918

Goldschmidt, Al-Marashi – A Concise History of the Middle East Chapter 7. The Crusader and Mongol Invasions_”Destiny Disrupted by Tamin Ansary, Chapter 9: Havoc.
After watching these videos please answer 12 true or false questions and give 5-7 sentence explanation. In addition Please answer this discussion question with no less than 150 words. “How did the Mongol invasions create conditions conducive to the growth of military states such as those of the Mamluks, the Ottomans, and the Safavids?”
Please watch

ideals, practices, or the struggles for good government, or the social good similar or different in Confucianism (represented by Confucius and Sima Qian) and Legalism (represented by Han Fei and the First Emperor) in Ancient China? How were the different views affected by the respective political situations of those times? Whose views are more justified? From what perspectives?

Construct a thesis statement (formulated as an argument) in your opening paragraph. The final paragraph (as a conclusion of your paper) needs to refine your thesis statement. (Another option: In the final paragraph, you can raise a question (instead of a thesis) that prompts a debate. In this case, your conclusion should have the first statement of your thesis.)
Cite the relevant sources that we discussed during the classes to support your thesis.
Select one of the methods of inquiry used in the disciplines of history, literary study, and philosophy.
Give a word count at the end of the paper:

Part 1,2,3: Write answers to each of the following short-form questions:

Part 1:
Write answers to each of the following short-form questions:
Who you think was the greatest explorer in history? List three reasons for your choice.
Do you think there are any situations today where you could become the victim of the plague or any other contagious disease killing people? Explain your answer.
Why do you think Leonardo dissected human bodies even though he wasn’t a doctor?
How do you personally feel about Cortes: was he a hero or a villain? Explain why you think so.
Why do you think Elizabeth I didn’t get married? Do you think it was a good idea that she didn’t marry? Explain your answer.
What was the most important discovery made on Captain Cook’s voyages? Explain your answer.
What do you think was Issac Newton’s greatest discovery or invention? Explain your choice.
Why do you think the people succeeded in the 1790s in overthrowing the entire system of the French government and the dominance of the nobles when the system had existed for hundreds of years? Explain your answer.
Why did some Germans hate the Jews? Explain your answer.
Summarize what happened on “Crystal Night” and describe why it happened.
Which Impressionist artist appeals most to you? Explain why they appeal to you.
Hot air balloons were used by armies in several countries including France, and in the U.S. by the Union army during the Civil War. What military advantage might the use of hot air balloons have for an army?
Part 2:
Write an essay on the write an essay on the designs, inventions, or sculptures that most impress you from Leonardo da Vinci. Explain your choices.
Minimum Word Count: 800 words.
Part 3:
Under the title “Geography of the Holocaust”, write an essay about which countries were involved and describe what role each of these countries played in the Holocaust.
Minimum Word Count: 800 words.

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History Question

Write an essay explaining how Thomas Paine’s pamphlet, Common Sense, made a persuasive and impassioned case for independence from British rule for the 13 colonies and propelled the Declaration of Independence of the founding of the Republic.
Your essay must be a minimum of 800 words.

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History Question

Start a document and save it as “American History 1-1”. Once you have completed the learning activity, click on the “Assignment” button and upload your work.
Part I: Essay
Write an essay on the first 10 Constitutional Amendments. Your essay must include the following for each amendment:
Explain each individual amendment and the liberties they grant.
The year it was ratified and reasons why.
Conclude your essay with your opinion on which of the 10 amendments you feel is most important and give your reasons why you think so.
Part II: States of the USA
Start a document and save it as “American History 1-1 Map”.
A number from 1-50 is assigned to each of the US States in the map below. List each number in your document and identify:
State name
State capital
Current Governor
Current Senator(s)
Political affiliations

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Page 2 of 4 When the Mississippi Ran Backwards Writing Assignment 59 Points Maximum What is a Primary Source? Essay

Page
2
of 4
When the Mississippi Ran Backwards Writing Assignment
59 Points Maximum
What is a Primary Source?
Primary sources are documents, images or artifacts that provide firsthand testimony or
direct evidence concerning an historical topic under research investigation. Primary
sources are original documents created or experienced contemporaneously with the
event being researched. Primary sources enable researchers to get as close as
possible to what happened during an historical event or time period. A secondary
source is a work that interprets or analyzes an historical event or period after the event
has occurred and, generally speaking, with the use of primary sources. The same
document, or other piece of evidence, may be a primary source in one investigation and
secondary in another. The search for primary sources does not, therefore, automatically
include or exclude any format of research materials or type of records, documents, or
publications.
As an example, a diary from an immigrant from Vietnam to the United States
documenting her travel experiences from Vietnam to Orange County would be
considered a primary source for research on Vietnamese immigration to Orange
County. However, a book written by a professor that analyzes the various writings of
Vietnam immigrants and interprets the experience of those immigrants is a secondary
source for this research.
Evaluating Primary Sources
 Who is the author or creator?
 What biases or assumptions may have influenced the author or creator?
 Who was the intended audience?
 What is the origin of the primary source?
 What was the significance of the source at the time it was created?
 Has the source been edited or translated, or altered in some way from the
original?
 What questions could be answered about the time-period by using this source?
 What, if any, are the limitations of the source?
Assignment:
Answer the following questions in full and grammatically correct sentences. Student
name, class, section, and date are to be in the upper right-hand corner. Assignments
are to be double-spaced and must be stapled if more than one page. There is no need
to write out the question, but answers MUST exactly match the question number.
1. What kind of source is this book? (1 point)
2. Tecumseh’s great journey was intended to spread what message? (1 point)
3. Provide two of the devious methods the federal government used to obtain
massive native land cessions (2 points)
4. What did the name “Tecumseh” translate to? (1 point)
5. When Tecumseh left Tuckhabatchee, what was his prophecy? (1 point)
6. The Lewis brothers were nephews of what famous person? (1 point)
7. Why did the family emigrate to Kentucky? (1 point)
8. What did George do that caused Lilburne to fly into a wild rage and led to his
murder? (1 point)
9. True or false? The maiden voyage of the New Orleans was the first steamboat
trip ever on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers (1 point)
10. True or false? Nicholas and Lydia Roosevelt were the great-grand-uncle and
great-grand-aunt of Franklin Roosevelt (1 point)
11. What was “sweeping?” (1 point)
12. Provide the name of the man who named New Madrid (1 point)
13. Who was George Morgan’s covert rival? (1 point)
14. True or false? Land speculation was the main investment scheme of the age (1
point)
15. Name the Spanish ambassador that was dispatched to New York in an attempt
to counter America’s westward expansion (1 point)
16. True or false? George Morgan resented Congress for thwarting his two grand
colonizing schemes in the west (1 point)
17. How much land did George Morgan ask the Spanish Crown to grant him for a
colony? (1 point)
18. What were the Falls of the Ohio? (1 point)
19. Provide the two types of snags, the worst of the wooden hazards on the river (2
points)
20. Name the most dangerous of the man-made hazards of river travel (1 point)
21. True or false? George Morgan laid the foundation for the modern system of
rectangular survey of public lands (1 point)
22. Provide the two issues that Kentuckians were most incensed over (2 points)
23. What deal did James Wilkinson offer Esteban Miro in his “First Memorial?” (1
point)
24. True or false? Morgan’s proposed colony put Wilkinson’s scheme in jeopardy (1
point)
25. Provide the two provisions in the King of Spain’s response that all but ended
Wilkinson’s hopes for making a big killing in his dealings with Spain (2 points)
26. Provide two problems with New Madrid’s location that made it less-than-ideal (2
points)
27. Provide the two distinct groups of white immigrants in New Madrid (2 points)
28. Provide the two men who became the principal adversaries in the U.S.-Indian
struggle for the frontier that met for the first time at the town of Vincennes in
August of 1810 (2 points)
29. Provide the name of Tecumseh’s younger brother, whose vision became the
inspiration for a new religion (1 point)
30. Provide two things the establishment of Prophetstown accomplished (2 points)
31. True or false? The Randolph family was riddled with mental and physical
instability, including retardation, insanity, epilepsy, alcohol abuse, morphine
addiction, and criminal behavior (1 point)
32. What was the “gouging?” (1 point)
33. True or false? Nicholas Roosevelt had invented the method of propulsion that
would later be proven the most efficient way of moving steamboats at age 13,
and by age 30 was acknowledged as the premier engine maker in the U.S. (1
point)
34. Provide two alternative names that flatboats were known as (2 points)
35. The largest of keelboats were sometimes called what? (1 point)
36. Name the four types of earthquakes (4 points)
37. The New Madrid earthquakes were highly unusual in that they were what type of
earthquakes? (1 point)
38. A shallow-focus quake has an initial rupture of what? (1 point)
39. True or false? Earthquakes in themselves usually kill people (1 point)
40. Provide the two types of faults found in the New Madrid fault system (2 points)
41. True or false? A common misunderstanding about the Richter Scale is that an
increase of one unit on the scale represents a tenfold increase in size (1 point)
42. The phrase “a true-bill” meant what? (1 point)
43. True or false? Tecumseh used the earthquakes to his advantage and they were
a determining factor in many tribesman’s thinking (1 point)
44. True or false? The capture of Detroit marked the high point of the pan-tribal
movement’s success (1 point)
45. True or false? Colonel Richard Mentor Johnson is, without a doubt, the man who
killed Tecumseh (1 point)
46. True or false? The decisive battle of the Creek War was at Horseshoe Bend in
March of 1814 (1 point)

Reflection

For this week’s Reflection paper, select THREE groups (African Americans, the Chinese, Hispanics, Native Americans, or European immigrants).
Explain how race and ethnicity influenced freedom and opportunity in the U.S. for these groups. during this period. (Be specific, give examples from readings, topic pages.)
Your paper should have :
an explanation/argument about each group (your thesis in your introduction) and
several paragraphs per group
Name of the book isGive me liberty: An American History sixth edition by Eric Foner include page numbers from the book please I need your own work please do not copy from anywhere please and thank you

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300 word discussion post on California

Visit the Online Archive of California (opens in new window), where you will find a collection of images of California history.
Search through the database, and find an image of California history that strikes you as particularly important or noteworthy. Aim to select an image that has not been selected by your classmates.
Consider looking for an image from an event or movement that is of interest to you (if you are interested in women’s rights, look for an image of an early female California pioneer; if you are passionate about the environment, look for an image that depicts innovation in water flow or farming techniques).

Once you find an image, study that image and the history it represents
To get the most out of an image, you need to engage with the image and “read” it in a critical way. Consider the following:Location
Date
Caption or other written description
The subject matter (portrait, building, event, etc.)
What is happening in the photo
The people, objects, signage, setting, time of day or year, etc.
Any questions you have after viewing the photos
link http://www.oac.cdlib.org/search?query=calheritage;…

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Reflection

For this week’s Reflection paper, select THREE groups (African Americans, the Chinese, Hispanics, Native Americans, or European immigrants).
Explain how race and ethnicity influenced freedom and opportunity in the U.S. for these groups. during this period. (Be specific, give examples from readings, topic pages.)
Your paper should have :
an explanation/argument about each group (your thesis in your introduction) and
several paragraphs per group
Name of the book isGive me liberty: An American History sixth edition by Eric Foner include page numbers from the book please I need your own work please do not copy from anywhere please and thank you

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History Question

The Presidential Election of 1968 was the most contentious election held until the elections of recent years. It was full of lies, deception, false promises, and trickery. You need to look at all political parties involved, see who you think think the best candidates were, and why they won or lost the election. What powers influenced the outcome of the election and why did change or not change the war in Vietnam. Post you thoughts and evidence for your conclusions in the discussion tab for this assignment.

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Gangsters Throughout the Great depression

This period became known in law enforcement as the Public Enemies Era based on the FBI keeping “Public Enemies” lists of wanted criminals. Below is a list of the criminals and their crimes. Despite their extensive list of criminal behavior and violence, many were and remain beloved by Americans. In your essay, you should discuss why they were so beloved. You need to discuss the context (Great Depression) and if that had an impact on their public persona. Also, include a discussion of the changes made in the criminal justice system because of their exploits.

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Discussion Board #1 – Columbus, Spanish Conquistadores and the Lost Colony of Roanoke

We traced which European nations explored and colonized different parts of the Americas. For Discussion Board #1, write a post where you address one of the following questions about Christopher Columbus, the Spanish conquistadores or the Lost Colony of Roanoke. Just select one of the questions for the basis of your post. Do not try to answer all. After your initial post, you may write and reply to other posts if you are interested in exploring additional questions. Here are the questions you can address in your post:
1) Since Christopher Columbus’ monumental 1492 voyage to the Americas, different generations have interpreted in many different ways the Italian explorer’s life, actions and historical legacy. In the 19th century, Columbus was seen as heroic and visionary, the brave intrepid explorer who crossed the Atlantic and brought the Americas to the attention of the Europeans. This subsequently brought European colonization to the Americas, eventual new nations, and future globalization bringing an end to the isolated and fragmented pre-modern world. However, in the late 20th and early 21st century, views of Columbus have dramatically shifted. Columbus was now portrayed as a villain, a destroyer, even invader, who brought more harm than good to history and our own time. Destruction of Native American peoples and the inception of African slavery in the Americas are referenced as more destructive consequences of Columbus’ 1492 arrival.
Therefore based on this present-day view of Columbus, write a post addressing one of these two questions or you may combine both:
a. Since Christopher Columbus typifies such a major historical figure whose actions changed the lives and destinies of hundreds of millions of people, how do we assess, if possible, his accurate historical legacy? Should we judge his actions based on the values and attitudes of his time (15th and 16th centuries)? Or should we assess his actions on how we feel about him today, through the lens of our current values, feelings and attitudes? This question of course plays into the challenge that historians face when establishing criteria to assess historical figures who lived so long ago.
b. Offer your own interpretation of Columbus’ historical legacy. Is it an overall positive or overall negative legacy? Or do you believe it is a combination of both? Provide as much support and reasoning with your response as possible.
2. Historians have offered various reasons explaining why the Spanish conquistadores conquered and overwhelmed the Native American peoples and their land with stunning speed. These reasons include guns, horses, technological superiority, diseases, treachery, greed, religious zeal, nationalist aspirations, etc. What do you believe is the dominant reason and why? Or do you believe there is no dominant reason but a multiplicity of factors? Provide your best assessment with insightful support. You may expand on what was covered in the online lecture or offer new ideas and interpretations.
3. Based on the story of the Lost Colony of Roanoke covered in the online lecture “Elizabethan England and Early English Colonization,” what do you believe happened to the missing colonists? Offer your best reasoning and explanation with insightful support.
Here are your instructions and criteria for this Discussion Board:
Your post should clearly reflect that you are answering one (1) of the three questions. Do not attempt to answer them all.
Provide insightful and well-reasoned support in your post. Show serious reflection of thought.
Your written post should be between 75-150 words. You may write more, but don’t be excessive; don’t write less than this word minimum; this word range should be enough to develop your ideas concisely.
Remember don’t copy and paste material from the internet. The post must be your own original writing.
Keep in mind that you must post first before seeing other classmates’ posts. To begin your post, point and click on Reply and a text box will appear. Then after you have reviewed what you written, then you can click Post Reply. Then you’ll be able to read your classmates’ posts.
Remember to follow the rules of civility and proper academic conduct in your posts. Discussing Columbus and the Spanish conquistadores can be a very sensitive topic. Write your post with maturity and serious reflection. Avoid vulgarity, rudeness, and insensitive language. You may disagree with someone in a reply, but be respectful. And above all else, DO NOT PERSONALLY ATTACK anyone for their views.
You are responsible for creating your original post. For that, you will receive five (5) points. You then have the option of responding to other student posts as many times as you like. But keep in mind you will only for this Discussion Board receive credit for one (1) post for five (5) points.

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short-animated film

Your choice! Choose a short-animated film that you feel uses music and sound in a particularly creative way. Describe how the music conveys feeling, emotion and mood to the audience. Please support your findings with any clips and stills wherever possible.
(You can not choose Diagonal Symphony (1924); Oskar Fischinger, Circles; Composition in Bluet; Oskar Fischinger, Allegretto; Swing Wedding; The Rabbit of Seville ; What’s Opera, Doc?; Yellow Submarine ; The Wall ; Sunbeam; Allegro Non Troppo ; 78 Tours; Red Ball Express ; Furies; Wizard of Speed and Time ; Pencil Dance ; Your Face; Beavis and Butt-head ; Missing You (Böjrk Video); Fell in Love with a Girl (White Stripes Video) ; Bathtime in Clerkenwell )

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HIST 3308 – 01: Industrialization Reform in US

Let’s use some of the available newspaper databases to find and analyze primary sources about King, in order to explain how those sources from the time of his life reflect some of the main interpretations about King that Sandweiss provides in her book. The articles can address any aspect of his life and work. As we know, we can expect there will be no articles that mention Ada Copeland Todd or her marriage with King, so it’s most likely that this assignment focuses on the public face of a very public, very famous person.
Assignment:In your written analysis of 1-2 pages, cover each of the following factors:Clearly cite the article. In the written work, provide a proper bibliography citation using Chicago Style, either in the footnote or bibliography at the end.
What significant details and/or perspectives does the article offer about King or events, places, and people described in Passing Strange?
How does this article reflect or contradict the information and interpretations presented by Sandweiss in her book? (Provide specific examples from both her book and the news article.)
Using any of the following linked newspaper databases , search for any newspaper addressing Clarence King, either his personal life or professional activities. Enter a keyword(s), and limit the results to relevant dates of his life and professional practice.
Databases:Chronicling America, a collection of historical newspapers compiled by the Library of Congress. We’ve used this earlier in the semester. Search by selected keyword(s), and you might want to limit the articles to those published during his life (or shortly after his death in 1901).
Oboler Library newspaper databases. Use this page from Oboler Library to find a relevant newspaper article for this assignment. Scroll down to the section on Newspapers. “Access Newspaper Archive,” “America’s News,” and “NewsBank InfoWeb” are likely the best databases to use for our class projects. You will need to log in with your Bengal ID to use these from off campus. Make sure to limit your results to relevant years. The link to “NewsBank InfoWeb” provides access to the Idaho Statesman in Boise, if that’s of interest to you.
Utah Digital Newspapers. This is accessible from the University of Utah Marriott Library. It allows you to search a wide range of Utah newspapers.
Pocatello Tribune. This is a project of the Marshall Public Library. It gives access to Pocatello newspapers beginning in 1895, so it covers only the last few years of his life.
It is okay if the article you choose happens to be one cited by Sandweiss in her book, but make sure you obtain, read, and analysis the full, original article.
See class rubric in the syllabus for grading guidelines of document analysis assignments.

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Document analysis

Assignment:
Your task is to spend approximately 4-5 pages conducting a scholarly analysis of a primary source assigned for this class.
Select one (1) primary source from our class readings. By the due date for this assignment (October 21), you should have read ten (10) primary source documents, including some from the Cowans primary source reader (Early Modern Spain: A Documentary History), as well as others posted to Canvas, such as Ibn Khaldun, and documents posted to Canvas from the Medieval Iberia reader. If you would like to select a source that is on the syllabus for later in the Quarter (Weeks 6-10), you are free to do so. But you have ample material to work with looking solely at the primary sources assigned for Weeks 1-5.
Conduct a thorough, scholarly analysis of your chosen document. Your analysis should consider many, if not all, of the following questions:
What is the document’s date of composition? In what form has it come down to us? In other words, is the modern printed and translated edition you are working with a transcription of the original document, or was the document copied, redacted, and transmitted numerous times during the early modern or modern eras?
Who is the author (if known)? What might that tell us about the composition of the document?
What kind of source is the document? Is it a historical chronicle? Is it a surrender treaty? Is it a work of theology? Is it a record from a court case? Is it a work of poetry? It is not always wise to assign the label of just one genre to a pre-modern source, as pre-modern people did not think about genre in the same ways we do. Therefore, be flexible and capacious in ascribing a genre (or multiple genres) to your document. Your document could fit more than one genre, and if it does you should note that.
What do you believe the author of your document intended to do in composing this source? What was the objective, or aim? How does your document go about achieving that goal?
Who might the intended audience have been? How can you discern who the author hoped would read this source?
What can the content of your document reveal to modern scholars about the society in which it was produced? Along related lines, what are the pitfalls in relying too heavily on your chosen document? In other words, what are aspects of society that it might not be able to reveal to us?
In addition to analyzing the content and language of your document, you might also want to consider the silences of your document. Those, too, can be illuminating. Where is your document notably silent? What are aspects of its subject matter that it ignores or does not engage? What might those silences reveal to us as modern scholars?
Note: the list of questions I have included here is meant to guide you as you develop your analysis, but the list is not meant to be exhaustive or restrictive. You should certainly examine facets of your chosen document that are not covered in this list of questions, if you feel that your analysis would benefit from that.
Readings to choose from will be attached, choose one doc only

the question is: As weaponry and war techniques advanced, so did the design of a city’s defenses. What changes

the question is: As weaponry and war techniques advanced, so did the design of a city’s defenses. What changes took place to the city at the end of the Middle Ages (Medieval era) as a result of the appearance of gunpowder? Note that this is not a question about military history, but about the city’s evolution in this context.

Blood Brothers Film Review

FILM IS ONLY HOUR AND A HALF LONG. After watching the Netflix documentary Blood Brothers: Malcolm X and Muhammad Ali, students will write a two-page film review.
Keep in mind that the purpose of the documentary review is to inform readers, in this case, the general public, about the film. Furthermore, a reviewer’s task is to offer an interpretation or argument about the film’s merits. How does Blood Brothers help us better understand the significance of the relationship between Muhammad Ali and Malcolm X?
Students should take detailed notes while they watch the documentary. As you take notes identify the most important storylines, scenes, characters, and interviews. What is the main story? When/where does it take place?
How do the most striking stories help us better understand the director’s point of view? Does the documentary offer any social, political, or moral messages?

Students should also consider the cinematography. In the film industry, cinematography involves various techniques, including the general composition of a scene; the lighting of the set or location; the choice of cameras, lenses, and filters; the camera angle and movements; sound effects and music; and the integration of any special effects. In short, cinematography is about how the director presents the story on screen.
The basis of your arguments should be grounded in examples from the film.
Students should organize their review around three sections: an introduction that summarizes the documentary; a comprehensive evaluation of the film; and a conclusion.The introduction paragraph should summarize the documentary and end with your thesis statement—the argument you are making about the film. The introduction should also include the director Marcus Clarke or important producers associated with the film (Kenya Barris).
Most of your paper will consist of body paragraphs where you provide analysis of the film’s messages and cinematography. What are the strengths and weaknesses of the film?
A strong conclusion paragraph does not summarize what you already wrote in your review. Rather, your conclusion should restate your thesis and addresses whether you would recommend the film to audiences. Would you recommend the documentary? Why or why not? What will viewers learn from watching Blood Brothers? Does the documentary advance our knowledge about the history of sports, race, and civil rights?

Remember, your review should practice formal writing standards. Avoid slang and jargon.
Please use a 12-point Times New Roman font and double-space your paragraphs.

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Discussion

You must then read your classmates’ Initial Posts. After you have read their Initial Posts, you must respond to TWO of your classmates by the last day of the academic week, at 11:59 pm ET. These are called your PEER RESPONSES. Each Peer Response is worth 10 points and should be 100 words in length, which is equal to about 0.4 page of double-spaced writing in Arial, Calibri, or Times New Roman 12 point font in a Word document.
To recap, each weekly discussion is worth 50 points (30 for your initial post and 10 each for your peer responses). Please make sure to follow the rubric in the syllabus.Respond to ONE question below by the fourth day of the academic week at 11:59 pm ET. Respond to TWO student posts by the last day of the academic week at 11:59 pm ET. Read the discussion guidelines which you will find under Content for further details.
1. Discuss why humans migrated out of Africa and how geology and paleoanthropology supports these explanations.
2. Explain the role geography played in the transition from hunter-gatherers to more permanent settlements.
3. What role did women play in Neolithic and Paleolithic worlds? How should we understand gender roles in the prehistoric era?
4. Discuss how science has dealt with the ideas of racism and cultural interpretation in explaining early man.

History 40c Discussion #3

First:
You will select one question that you want to engage with and provide a response. Your response should be no less than 200 words. Please include parenthetical citations in your responses to show what ideas are coming from the lecture versus an assigned source. Your response must be posted by Wednesday, 11:59 p.m. No late submissions will be accepted.
Note: You will not be able to see your classmates’ posts until after you have posted. Thus, you will need to do the first part to move onto get any credit.
Second:
You must choose two different colleagues who have written on two questions that you did not answer. You will need to substantively respond to two classmates (meaning actual engagement with the topic addressed). Simply complimenting or thanking a colleague for their comments will not be considered a responses moving forward and you will not receive credit for this reply. You do not have to agree with your classmates. Civil and respectful debate is encouraged. Reply posts should be approximately 50 words for each. Your peer replies must be posted by Wednesday, 11:59 p.m. No late submissions will be accepted. If for some reason you have technical difficulties, please email me immediately to alert me to your issues and avoid losing credit it possible.
In total, there are three parts. Each of the questions for our discussion boards are geared toward helping you prep for your course exams. It can be helpful to use our discussion board questions as a study guide for the midterm.
Week 3 Readings – Discussion Prompts (Please Respond to 1 Question):
Using the “American Yawp” as your main source for this response, please answer all of the following parts on the connections between the New Deal and Progressive era Activism: 1) On the federal level, what methods of organizing and strategies did the Townsend Movement pursue to successfully influence the passage of the 1935 Social Security Act and address economic inequality? 2) How did this differ at the state-level to address similar challenges of passing Old-Age Assistance programs? 3) What were the connections between social movements in the early 20th century and the policies FDR embraced in the New Deal to address the economic needs of Americans? Cite two examples from any of the assigned readings to support your analysis.
Japanese Americans of all ages, naturalized or US born were subject to internment under Executive Order 9066, but did not necessarily all share the same experiences. How did the Issei and Nisei experience internment and the Second World War in the United States? (Be specific) How did answers the respondents gave to question 28 of the Loyalty Questionnaire reveal what John Okada refers to as “the dilemma of loyalty” between the two generations, and the development of a social movement in the form of the No-No Boys? (Okada, 307) Cite two examples from the assigned readings to support your analysis.
We have discussed Black American activism over the last two weeks. However, focusing on the post-war period following WWII specifically, how did Black Americans frame the struggle against fascism in Europe with the struggle for civil rights in the United States? How did the international stage of Communism vs. Democracy in the Cold War inform domestic policy and activism against Jim Crow? Discuss both Dayo Gore’s Radicalism at the Crossroads and Paul Robeson’s testimony to HUAC. Cite two examples from the assigned materials to support your analysis.

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Answers please

Indian Removal Primary Source Readings
Andrew Jackson’s Second Annual Message, 1830.
“The consequences of a speedy removal will be important to the United States, to individual States, and to the Indians themselves. The pecuniary (financial) advantages which it promises to the Government are the least of its recommendations. It puts an end to all possible danger of collision between the authorities of the General and State Governments on account of the Indians. It will place a dense and civilized population in large tracts of country now occupied by a few savage hunters. By opening the whole territory between Tennessee on the north and Louisiana on the south to the settlement of the whites it will incalculably (immeasurably) strengthen the southwestern frontier and render the adjacent States strong enough to repel future invasions without remote (distant) aid. It will relieve the whole State of Mississippi and the western part of Alabama of Indian occupancy, and enable (allow) those States to advance rapidly in population, wealth, and power. It will separate the Indians from immediate contact with settlements of whites; free them from the power of the States; enable them to pursue happiness in their own way and under their own rude institutions; will retard (delay) the progress of decay, which is lessening their numbers, and perhaps cause them gradually, under the protection of the Government and through the influence of good counsels, to cast off their savage habits and become an interesting, civilized, and Christian community.”
According to Andrew Jackson, why should the Native Americans be removed from their land? Provide at least two reasons.
It puts an end to all possible danger of collision between the authorities of the General and State Governments on account of the Indians. The pecuniary advantages which it promises to the government are the least of its recommendations.

According to Andrew Jackson, how will the Indian Removal affect Native Americans?
The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders.
“What good man would prefer a country covered with forests and ranged by a few thousand savages to our extensive Republic, studded with cities, towns, and prosperous farms embellished with all the improvements which art can devise (develop) or industry execute (preform), occupied by more than 12,000,000 happy people, and filled with all the blessings of liberty, civilization and religion?”
What tone (attitude) does this excerpt from Andrew Jackson’s message have regarding Native Americans and their society?

Find a four-word phrase from the above excerpt that exemplifies the tone you identified.

“And is it supposed that the wandering savage has a stronger attachment to his home than the settled, civilized Christian? Is it more afflicting to him to leave the graves of his fathers than it is to our brothers and children?
… He is unwilling to submit to the laws of the States and mingle with their population. To save him from this alternative, or perhaps utter annihilation, the General Government kindly offers him a new home, and proposes to pay the whole expense of his removal and settlement.”
What disagreement can you find between this excerpt from Jackson’s message and the documentary “We Shall Remain” and Chapter 7 of Howard Zinn’s A Young People’s History of America?
Speech in Congress, Senator Theodore Frelinghuysen from New Jersey, April 1830
“God, in his providence (Care of God), planted these tribes on this Western continent, so far as we know, before Great Britain herself had a political existence. I believe, sir, it is not now seriously denied that the Indians are men, endowed with kindred faculties and powers with ourselves; that they have a place in human sympathy, and are justly entitled to a share in the common bounties of a benignant (kindly and benevolent) Providence (the protective care of God). And, with this conceded, I ask in what code of the law of nations, or by what process of abstract (intellectual) deduction (conclusion), their rights have been extinguished?”
How does Senator Frelinghuysen argue that the Native Americans have a right to continue to live on their land?

“Our ancestors found these people, far removed from the commotions (uproars) of Europe, exercising all the rights and enjoying the privileges, of free and independent sovereigns of this new world. They were not a wild and lawless horde of banditti (outlaws), but lived under the restraints of government, patriarchal (male-controlled) in its character, and energetic in its influence. They had chiefs, head men, and councils. The white men, the authors of all their wrongs approached them as friends – they extended the olive branch; and, being then a feeble colony and at the mercy of the native tenants of the soil, by presents and professions, propitiated their good will. The Indian yielded a slow, but substantial confidence; granted to the colonists an abiding place; and suffered them to grow up to man’s estate beside him. He never raised the claim of elder title: as the white man’s wants increased, he opened the hand of his bounty wider and wider. By and by, conditions are changed. His people melt away, his lands are constantly coveted; millions after millions are ceded (surrendered). The Indian bears it all meekly; he complains, indeed, as well he may; but suffers on: and now he finds that this neighbor, whom his kindness had nourished, has spread an adverse title over the last remains of his patrimony, barely adequate to his wants, and turns upon him, and says, ‘Away! We cannot endure you so near us! These forests and rivers, these groves of your fathers, these firesides and hunting grounds, are ours by the right of power, and the force of numbers.’ Sir, let every treaty be blotted from our records, and in the judgment of natural and unchangeable truth and justice, I ask, who is the injured, and who is the aggressor?”
According to the Senator, how did they Native Americans live before Europeans arrived?

What was the interaction between the Native Americans and Europeans after they arrived?

Who does the senator believe is the aggressor? Why? How do you know?

“It is, however, admitted, sir, that, when the increase of population and the wants of mankind demand the cultivation of the earth, a duty is thereby devolved (transferred) upon the proprietors (owners) of large and uncultivated (uncivilized) regions, of devoting them to such useful purposes. But such appropriations (the action of taking something for one’s own use) are to be obtained by fair contract, and for reasonable compensation.”
“Do the obligations of justice change with the color of the skin? Is it one of the prerogatives of the white man, that he may disregard the dictates of moral principles, when an Indian shall be concerned? No, sir.”
How is needed land justly gained?

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