HA499 discussion

Research business plan models and choose several models that would be appropriate for a hypothetical medical facility for your Unit 2 assignment. Include specific content requirements of typical business plan models. Explain your ideas on the models with your expounding on your rationale for choosing one model over another. Cite and reference your sources.
Remember, your initial response should be about 150 words, and TWO responses to your classmates should be about 75 words. Include TWO references.

Healthcare policy interview

Interview Regarding a Healthcare Policy or Assessment (125 points)
Financing healthcare is one of the greatest priorities for the healthcare system in Saudi Arabia. While policymakers agree that more Saudi nationals need health insurance coverage, the debate often revolves around how it should be financed. Identify a healthcare professional who works primarily in the area of finance (e.g., Chief Financial Officer, Controller, etc.) and a specific policy that addresses the financial aspect of delivering healthcare. Contact the individual to conduct an interview about the policy.
Based on what you learned this week, be sure to include the following information in your interview:
Identify the interviewee, including their job title, place of employment, location, and how long they have been in the area of finance.
The goals and objectives of your interview.
Description of the finance policy.
What were some of the benefits of the policy?
What are the challenges of meeting the requirements outlined in the policy?
What can be done to improve the effectiveness of the policy?
Here are some suggested questions:
What are the mission and vision statements for your organization?
How do these mission and vision statements assist in helping your organization focus on healthy living promotions?
How are the daily operations for your organization meeting policy? What are some of the areas that may lead to improvement regarding any policy updates?
What are some of the challenges that you are currently experiencing with your policy revisions?
What are some of the benefits your policy is providing to patients or clients?
What are some of the recommendations that you may have regarding policy improvement both internally and externally?
Your report should meet the following structural requirements:
Be six pages in length, not including the cover or reference pages.
Be formatted according to APA 7th edition and Saudi Electronic University writing guidelines.
Provide support for your statements with in-text citations from a minimum of three scholarly articles. The Saudi Digital Library is an excellent source for scholarly research. One of these sources may be from the class readings, textbook, or lectures.
You are strongly encouraged to submit all assignments to the Turnitin Originality Check prior to submitting them to your instructor for grading. If you are unsure how to submit an assignment to the Originality Check tool, review the Turnitin Originality Check Student Guide.

Chapter 5 Discussion Questions

Answer 6 questions in detailed, appropriate text evidence, and correct answers. Use textbook and course PowerPoint for references in APA format. Answer questions in numerical order. No need for essay format. I will also submit answers from Chegg.
Describe:the primary components of the health belief model, theory of planned behavior, and the transtheoretical model.
an example of the primary components of the health belief model, theory of planned behavior, and the transtheoretical model. In particular, show how the components can be applied. One example for each primary component.

Discuss how the precaution adoption models differ from the transtheoretical model of change
Explain how the PEN-3 model can be used to distinguish between positive, existential, and negative cultural influences on health.
Diagram the PRECEDE portion of the PRECEDE/PROCEED model and explain how its components can influence community health.
Diagram the PROCEED portion of the PRECEDE/PROCEED model and explain how its components can influence community health interventions.
Analyze how theories and models influence public health

This assignment focuses on about medical information on the news and in media. Create a 6–12 slide PowerPoint presentation.

This assignment focuses on about medical information on the news and in media. Create a 6–12 slide PowerPoint presentation.
For this assignment, you will create a presentation in which you provide a critical analysis of a time in which you were influenced by inaccurate information, or you found accurate information through the media that helped you or someone you know. Your audience can be informal, such as a friend or family member, or formal, such as a coworker or attendees at a conference presentation. Include the following.

I have uploaded instructional document and Media misinformation docx. Please, read them carefully. Let me know if you have any questions. Thanks

Blank Credit Card Hack Software 393512615163

GET RICH WITH BLANK ATM CARD . What’sApp : 393512615163

I want to testify about Dark Web blank atm cards which can withdraw money from any atm machines around the world. I was very poor before and have no job. I saw so much testimony about how Dark Web hackers send them the atm blank card and use it to collect money in any atm machine and become rich.

 

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Hangout : [email protected]

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They also sent me the blank atm card. I have used it to get 90,000 dollars. withdraw the maximum of 5,000 USD daily. The Dark Web is giving out cards just to help the poor. Hack and take money directly from any atm machine vault with the use of an atm programmed card which runs in automatic mode.

Unit 6 Discussion MN 605 real one

Topic: Utilizing Evidence Practice Guidelines
One of the ways that the NP can manage risk of being successfully sued for malpractice or negligence is by utilizing evidence practice guidelines. Explain how these guidelines affect the “standard of care” and discuss with your classmates how utilizing this guideline can be a major strategy to significantly reduce risk to the provider.
APA format Three reference

Health

A five-point bulleted summary of the lecture pdf presented below (9-Pelleymounter-B…). Each bullet point should be approximately 5-7 sentences and concisely and accurately describe a major aspect of the lecture. *****The full summary should be no longer than one-page long. The goal of the exercise is to recognize the most important aspects of each lecture and effectively communicate them. ***I HAVE PROVIDED AN EXAMPLE OF HOW THE FLOW OF THE SUMMARY SHOULD SOUND LIKE. PLEASE FOLLOW THAT EXAMPLE STRICTLY.(1B Summary Example)
PROMPT: PLEASE SUMMARIZE WEEK 10B Raddatz- BioSimilars and 9A Calvo- Patent Law A POWERPOINT ( PLEASE DO NOT COPY IT WORD FOR WORD. PLEASE PARAPHRASE AND PUT THE IMPORTANT CONTENT IN THE SUMMARY)
Also write a 2 paragraph summary regarding this prompts:
1.Based on your current knowledge of the drug discovery process, what single recommendation would you make to a mid- to large-sized pharmaceutical company to decrease risk and/or increase profitability. Please provide a brief rationale for your suggestion.

assignment builds on the assignments from earlier modules. You will now write a formal paper on the topic you

assignment builds on the assignments from earlier modules.
You will now write a formal paper on the topic you selected. The paper must include the following elements:
Title page
Introduction—this should be revised based on feedback you received.
Body of the paper that covers the main and subtopics.
Identify any gaps in the research that you think could be a research topic in the future.
Conclusion
References
Your paper should meet the following requirements:
Be six to seven pages in length, including the introduction, but not including the title or reference pages.
Be formatted according to Saudi Electronic University and APA writing guidelines.
Provide support for your statements with in-text citations from the ten scholarly articles you have gathered.
The following resources will help you with this assignment:
Purdue Online Writing Lab – General Format – scroll down to see the information writing and formatting Abstracts
Purdue Online Writing Lab – APA Sample Paper
Review the grading rubric to see how you will be graded for this assignment.

Mr. Rodriguez is an active 65-year-old. He enjoys bowling and hiking with his grandkids. Pain in his right knee

Mr. Rodriguez is an active 65-year-old. He enjoys bowling and hiking with his grandkids. Pain in his right knee led him to seek medical care and today he is being admitted to the hospital for a right knee replacement. Mr. Rodriguez does not speak or understand English well. He was hoping that his wife, who speaks English, could come with him to the hospital. Unfortunately, Mrs. Rodriguez could not get off work. Chris is a first-year nurse who just finished orientation last week. Chris greets Mr. Rodriguez and begins his pre-op admission checklist, quickly realizing that there is a language barrier. The nurse calls for the hospital interpreter who is busy and cannot come right away. The surgical unit’s patient care technician (PCT) volunteers that she knows a little Spanish and can interpret. The nurse completes the surgery checklist with help from the PCT and witnesses Mr. Rodriguez sign his surgical consent. No one notices the surgical consent form is for a left knee replacement. The surgical unit was behind schedule and called for Mr. Rodriguez before the surgical team could locate the interpreter to perform a surgical time-out as per the hospital’s policy. Mr. Rodriguez’s surgery was uneventful. When Mr. Rodriquez was in recovery it was discovered that surgery was performed on the wrong knee. Mr. Rodriguez’s family sued the physician and hospital.

Instructions:

After reading the assignment rubric answer the following questions using the scenario above to complete this competency. You may copy and paste this assignment into a word document, answer the questions, then either paste it into the text box or upload it as a word document.

Questions:

1. Identify and describe at least two risks in the scenario.

2. Assess each of the risks you have identified in the scenario.

3. There are four ways to control risk. Based on the scenario, describe how you would reduce each risk.

4. There are four ways to control risk. Based on the scenario, describe how you would transfer each risk.

5. There are four ways to control risk. Based on the scenario, describe how you would avoid each risk.

6. There are four ways to control risk. Based on the scenario, describe how you would accept each risk.

7. Describe your review process for each risk identified in the scenario.

8. Create a Swiss Cheese model of accident causation for this scenario.

(Uploaded is a powerpoint of examples and definitions of the types of risks)

Information in Heathcare

This short paper will explore the benefits of having technologies/systems in place to provide more in-depth information that will help drive decision making.
The information that is gathered every day in healthcare drives patient care and the improvement of the quality of care. Each staff member within a healthcare institution has a role in improving patient care. In this short paper, complete the following:
1. Choose one of the following managers:
 Director of Admissions
 Manager of Billing
 Director of Nursing
 Manager of Purchasing
 Chief of Medicine
2. Considering what you have learned about these types of managers thus far and doing additional researching as necessary, answer the following:
 How might the manager for whichever department you chose above use technology/systems to improve patient care? To minimize costs and maximize efficiency? If you are having trouble, think generally here about how technology improves record keeping, and then consider the type of data these managers and directors have to manage.
 How does the system that the manager uses drive the decision making within the institution?
Support your answer with relevant sources.

Read RAT 11 Initial Topic then read the discussion responses by Edet Jones and Brett Thomas. Type a half-page

Read RAT 11 Initial Topic then read the discussion responses by Edet Jones and Brett Thomas. Type a half-page response each to Brett and Jon Paul on things you agreed with and things you might change based on their individual analysis. Responses should be on separate documents. Use at least 3 sources each and provide the links in your cited sources. Ensure Organization, Grammar, Vocabulary, Spelling, and APA Format and Citation Formatting are correct. Ensure that you meet all criteria for the “excellent” rating on the rubric.

Read RAT 11 Initial Topic then read the discussion responses by Brett Thomas and Jon Paul Green. Type a

Read RAT 11 Initial Topic then read the discussion responses by Brett Thomas and Jon Paul Green. Type a half-page response each to Brett and Jon Paul on things you agreed with and things you might change based on their individual analysis. Responses should be on separate documents. Use at least 3 sources each and provide the links in your cited sources. Ensure Organization, Grammar, Vocabulary, Spelling, and APA Format and Citation Formatting are correct. Ensure that you meet all criteria for the “excellent” rating on the rubric.

HIM 410 case study

Clinical information systems including the electronic medical records are sometimes characterized by describing their inputs and outputs. To ensure interoperability the use of a controlled vocabulary is necessary so that the data entered into the electronic medical record can be transmitted between health information systems. Read the case study in Chapter 12 on pages 266 of your Health Informatics: A Systems Perspective text and address the following:
Identify the problem that needs to be addressed.
Recommend a solution to the problem. Why do you feel your proposed solution is correct?
Identify and describe the national or international standards would you use as part of your solution.
Explain the importance of interoperability to Carol’s perspective.
Your Paper:
Must be one to two double-spaced pages in length, excluding title and reference pages, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Writing Center.
Must include a title page with the following:Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted

Utilize a minimum of two scholarly sources, excluding the textbook.
Must begin with an introductory paragraph and end with a conclusion

Health

Industry StandardsPrior to attempting this assignment, please review the website http://www.incits.org/standards-information/Links to an external site.. The use of voluntary consensus standards such as Health Level Seven (HL-7) are developed by accredited Standards Developing Organizations (SDOs) such as the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). These standards are necessary to facilitate interoperability between health information systems. For this assignment, you will use any health information technology website to research commonly used interoperability standards and vocabulary. You will also define each term and select and justify what you feel are the three most important terms.
Suggested websites include www.healthit.govLinks to an external site., www.himss.orgLinks to an external site., www.ahima.orgLinks to an external site., and www.ansi.orgLinks to an external site..
You must include the following words and acronyms in your definition section of your paper: ANSI, HL-7, W3C, UMLS, ASTM, MeSH, ISO, SGML, XML.
Add at least three additional related acronyms found on the Incits web pageLinks to an external site. (http://www.incits.org/).
Start a new paragraph and define each of the acronyms above and relate the standard to how it is used.
Explain the role of the standard in healthcare operations.
Explain why the three standards you selected are the most important.
Your Paper:
Must be two to three pages in length, excluding title and references pages, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Writing Center.
Must include a title page with the following:Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted

Must begin with an introductory paragraph that explains the importance of using common standards in health care.
Utilize a minimum of three scholarly sources, excluding the textbook.
Must end with a conclusion that explains what you learned in this assignment.

done
Seen

Oct 29th, 2022

Religion Question

This week we learned about our first religion tradition, Confucianism. After listening to the video lectures and reading the selections from the sacred texts of Confucianism, please answer both of the following questions:
1. Choose two of the passages from The Analects – what do you think they mean? Do they provide any connection to your life? What do you think Confucius was trying to teach his students with these words? Do you agree with the teachings? Why or why not?
2. In Western society we tend to value equality and believe that seeing everyone as equal is the best way to create a respectful, harmonious society. But Confucian society is based on hierarchies – hierarchies primarily based on age, wisdom and experience. In Confucian society, no relationship is completely equal – every relationship contains a built-in hierarchy and each member of that hierarchy is expected to behave accordingly. If you are the superior, you should care for, teach, and guide the other. If you are the inferior part of the relationship, you should show respect, honor, and deference to the other. This is very different from American society, where everyone is supposed to be equal and treated equally.
Which do you think is the best way to create a harmonious society? Should we emphasize the innate equality between all people or that every relationship has an innate hierarchy, which should be respected? In American society, do you think that we live up to our own teachings of equality?
The Analects:
The following texts come from the most important text of the Confucian tradition, The Analects.
The Analects is the principal text that we will be looking at for Confucianism – it is an interesting text because it was not written by Confucius himself. Confucius never wrote down any of his own ideas, although he did edit several previous “classics” that he thought people in China should be reading as part of their education. This is very much in keeping with Confucius’ idea that he was not necessarily coming up with anything new – he didn’t think of himself as starting a new tradition, but just reminding people of the wisdom of the past and how to re-connect with it.
The Analects were compiled by his students several generations after Confucius, who claimed that they had memorized and passed down his teachings. It is believed to have been written in the Warring States Period, so sometime from the 400s-200s BCE, but did not achieve its final form until around 175 BCE. It is a collection of Confucius’ sayings gathered by his students, and many of the passages take the form of conversations with his students.
One interesting aspect of The Analects is that there are not a lot of broad, abstract teachings – Confucius’ teachings were much more situational because he was responding to specific questions. As we will see in the following excerpts, when asked about certain virtues, Confucius would usually give a specific example of a person who possessed that virtue or a situation in which the virtue was demonstrated.
Important note: in The Analects, whenever it says “the Master said” it is referring to Confucius himself. It was customary in China at the time to refer to a respected teacher as “Master.” As you can see, The Analects are just a compilation of sayings of Confucius, so it’s not a story or a narrative, although sometimes Confucius tells short stories to his students.
Here are some images of The Analects in the original Chinese:

Excerpts from The AnalectsAnalects 1.1-3
The Master said, ‘Is it not pleasant to learn with a constant perseverance and application? ‘Is it not delightful to have friends coming from distant quarters?’. ‘Is he not a man of complete virtue, who feels no discomposure though men may take no note of him?’
Analects 1:2
Filial piety and respect for elders, are these not the roots of ren (compassion)?
Analects 1:3
Those of craft words and ingratiating expression are rarely ren.
Analects 1.6
The Master said, ‘A youth, when at home, should be filial, and, abroad, respectful to his elders. He should be earnest and truthful. He should overflow in love to all, and cultivate the friendship of the good. When he has time and opportunity, after the performance of these things, he should employ them in polite studies.’
Analects 1:8
Hold faithfulness and sincerity as first principles. And have no friends not like yourself”
Analects 1.14
The Master said, ‘He who aims to be a man of complete virtue in his food does not seek to gratify his appetite, nor in his dwelling place does he seek the appliances of ease; he is earnest in what he is doing, and careful in his speech; he frequents the company of men of principle that he may be rectified:– such a person may be said indeed to love to learn.’
Analects 2.4
The Master said, ‘At fifteen, I had my mind bent on learning. ‘At thirty, I stood firm. ‘At forty, I had no doubts.4. ‘At fifty, I knew the decrees of Heaven. ‘At sixty, my ear was an obedient organ for the reception of truth. ‘At seventy, I could follow what my heart desired, without transgressing what was right.’
Analects 4:25
Virtue never stands alone. It is bound to have neighbors.
Analects 6:30
The ren person is one who, wishing himself to be settled in position, sets up others; wishing himself to have access to the powerful, achieves access for others.
Analects 7.1
The Master said, ‘A transmitter and not a maker, believing in and loving the ancients, I venture to compare myself with our old P’ang.’
*P’ang is one of the sage rulers that Confucius tried to emulate.
Analects 7.6
The Master said, ‘Let the will be set on the path of duty. ‘Let every attainment in what is good be firmly grasped. ‘Let perfect virtue be accorded with. ‘Let relaxation and enjoyment be found in the polite arts.’
*The translation “polite arts” is referring to the art forms that Confucius believed would help develop one’s character, such as music, poetry, and painting.
Analects 12:2
What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.
Analects 15.17-18
The Master said, ‘The superior man in everything considers righteousness to be essential. He performs it according to the rules of propriety. He brings it forth in humility. He completes it with sincerity. This is indeed a superior man.’ The Master said, ‘The superior man is distressed by his want of ability. He is not distressed by men’s not knowing him.’
Analects 15.20
The Master said, ‘What the superior man seeks, is in himself. What the mean man seeks, is in others.’
*here “mean” doesn’t mean not nice, it means a simple or selfish person.
Analects 15:24
[A student] asked, saying “is there one word which may serve as a rule of practice for all of one’s life?” The Master said, “Is not shu (reciprocity) such a word?”

Excerpts found at https://www.sacred-texts.com/cfu/cfu.html

Religion Question

This week we learned about our first religion tradition, Confucianism. After listening to the video lectures and reading the selections from the sacred texts of Confucianism, please answer both of the following questions:
1. Choose two of the passages from The Analects – what do you think they mean? Do they provide any connection to your life? What do you think Confucius was trying to teach his students with these words? Do you agree with the teachings? Why or why not?
2. In Western society we tend to value equality and believe that seeing everyone as equal is the best way to create a respectful, harmonious society. But Confucian society is based on hierarchies – hierarchies primarily based on age, wisdom and experience. In Confucian society, no relationship is completely equal – every relationship contains a built-in hierarchy and each member of that hierarchy is expected to behave accordingly. If you are the superior, you should care for, teach, and guide the other. If you are the inferior part of the relationship, you should show respect, honor, and deference to the other. This is very different from American society, where everyone is supposed to be equal and treated equally.
Which do you think is the best way to create a harmonious society? Should we emphasize the innate equality between all people or that every relationship has an innate hierarchy, which should be respected? In American society, do you think that we live up to our own teachings of equality?
The Analects:
The following texts come from the most important text of the Confucian tradition, The Analects.
The Analects is the principal text that we will be looking at for Confucianism – it is an interesting text because it was not written by Confucius himself. Confucius never wrote down any of his own ideas, although he did edit several previous “classics” that he thought people in China should be reading as part of their education. This is very much in keeping with Confucius’ idea that he was not necessarily coming up with anything new – he didn’t think of himself as starting a new tradition, but just reminding people of the wisdom of the past and how to re-connect with it.
The Analects were compiled by his students several generations after Confucius, who claimed that they had memorized and passed down his teachings. It is believed to have been written in the Warring States Period, so sometime from the 400s-200s BCE, but did not achieve its final form until around 175 BCE. It is a collection of Confucius’ sayings gathered by his students, and many of the passages take the form of conversations with his students.
One interesting aspect of The Analects is that there are not a lot of broad, abstract teachings – Confucius’ teachings were much more situational because he was responding to specific questions. As we will see in the following excerpts, when asked about certain virtues, Confucius would usually give a specific example of a person who possessed that virtue or a situation in which the virtue was demonstrated.
Important note: in The Analects, whenever it says “the Master said” it is referring to Confucius himself. It was customary in China at the time to refer to a respected teacher as “Master.” As you can see, The Analects are just a compilation of sayings of Confucius, so it’s not a story or a narrative, although sometimes Confucius tells short stories to his students.
Here are some images of The Analects in the original Chinese:

Excerpts from The AnalectsAnalects 1.1-3
The Master said, ‘Is it not pleasant to learn with a constant perseverance and application? ‘Is it not delightful to have friends coming from distant quarters?’. ‘Is he not a man of complete virtue, who feels no discomposure though men may take no note of him?’
Analects 1:2
Filial piety and respect for elders, are these not the roots of ren (compassion)?
Analects 1:3
Those of craft words and ingratiating expression are rarely ren.
Analects 1.6
The Master said, ‘A youth, when at home, should be filial, and, abroad, respectful to his elders. He should be earnest and truthful. He should overflow in love to all, and cultivate the friendship of the good. When he has time and opportunity, after the performance of these things, he should employ them in polite studies.’
Analects 1:8
Hold faithfulness and sincerity as first principles. And have no friends not like yourself”
Analects 1.14
The Master said, ‘He who aims to be a man of complete virtue in his food does not seek to gratify his appetite, nor in his dwelling place does he seek the appliances of ease; he is earnest in what he is doing, and careful in his speech; he frequents the company of men of principle that he may be rectified:– such a person may be said indeed to love to learn.’
Analects 2.4
The Master said, ‘At fifteen, I had my mind bent on learning. ‘At thirty, I stood firm. ‘At forty, I had no doubts.4. ‘At fifty, I knew the decrees of Heaven. ‘At sixty, my ear was an obedient organ for the reception of truth. ‘At seventy, I could follow what my heart desired, without transgressing what was right.’
Analects 4:25
Virtue never stands alone. It is bound to have neighbors.
Analects 6:30
The ren person is one who, wishing himself to be settled in position, sets up others; wishing himself to have access to the powerful, achieves access for others.
Analects 7.1
The Master said, ‘A transmitter and not a maker, believing in and loving the ancients, I venture to compare myself with our old P’ang.’
*P’ang is one of the sage rulers that Confucius tried to emulate.
Analects 7.6
The Master said, ‘Let the will be set on the path of duty. ‘Let every attainment in what is good be firmly grasped. ‘Let perfect virtue be accorded with. ‘Let relaxation and enjoyment be found in the polite arts.’
*The translation “polite arts” is referring to the art forms that Confucius believed would help develop one’s character, such as music, poetry, and painting.
Analects 12:2
What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.
Analects 15.17-18
The Master said, ‘The superior man in everything considers righteousness to be essential. He performs it according to the rules of propriety. He brings it forth in humility. He completes it with sincerity. This is indeed a superior man.’ The Master said, ‘The superior man is distressed by his want of ability. He is not distressed by men’s not knowing him.’
Analects 15.20
The Master said, ‘What the superior man seeks, is in himself. What the mean man seeks, is in others.’
*here “mean” doesn’t mean not nice, it means a simple or selfish person.
Analects 15:24
[A student] asked, saying “is there one word which may serve as a rule of practice for all of one’s life?” The Master said, “Is not shu (reciprocity) such a word?”

Excerpts found at https://www.sacred-texts.com/cfu/cfu.html

Religion Question

This week we learned about our first religion tradition, Confucianism. After listening to the video lectures and reading the selections from the sacred texts of Confucianism, please answer both of the following questions:
1. Choose two of the passages from The Analects – what do you think they mean? Do they provide any connection to your life? What do you think Confucius was trying to teach his students with these words? Do you agree with the teachings? Why or why not?
2. In Western society we tend to value equality and believe that seeing everyone as equal is the best way to create a respectful, harmonious society. But Confucian society is based on hierarchies – hierarchies primarily based on age, wisdom and experience. In Confucian society, no relationship is completely equal – every relationship contains a built-in hierarchy and each member of that hierarchy is expected to behave accordingly. If you are the superior, you should care for, teach, and guide the other. If you are the inferior part of the relationship, you should show respect, honor, and deference to the other. This is very different from American society, where everyone is supposed to be equal and treated equally.
Which do you think is the best way to create a harmonious society? Should we emphasize the innate equality between all people or that every relationship has an innate hierarchy, which should be respected? In American society, do you think that we live up to our own teachings of equality?
The Analects:
The following texts come from the most important text of the Confucian tradition, The Analects.
The Analects is the principal text that we will be looking at for Confucianism – it is an interesting text because it was not written by Confucius himself. Confucius never wrote down any of his own ideas, although he did edit several previous “classics” that he thought people in China should be reading as part of their education. This is very much in keeping with Confucius’ idea that he was not necessarily coming up with anything new – he didn’t think of himself as starting a new tradition, but just reminding people of the wisdom of the past and how to re-connect with it.
The Analects were compiled by his students several generations after Confucius, who claimed that they had memorized and passed down his teachings. It is believed to have been written in the Warring States Period, so sometime from the 400s-200s BCE, but did not achieve its final form until around 175 BCE. It is a collection of Confucius’ sayings gathered by his students, and many of the passages take the form of conversations with his students.
One interesting aspect of The Analects is that there are not a lot of broad, abstract teachings – Confucius’ teachings were much more situational because he was responding to specific questions. As we will see in the following excerpts, when asked about certain virtues, Confucius would usually give a specific example of a person who possessed that virtue or a situation in which the virtue was demonstrated.
Important note: in The Analects, whenever it says “the Master said” it is referring to Confucius himself. It was customary in China at the time to refer to a respected teacher as “Master.” As you can see, The Analects are just a compilation of sayings of Confucius, so it’s not a story or a narrative, although sometimes Confucius tells short stories to his students.
Here are some images of The Analects in the original Chinese:

Excerpts from The AnalectsAnalects 1.1-3
The Master said, ‘Is it not pleasant to learn with a constant perseverance and application? ‘Is it not delightful to have friends coming from distant quarters?’. ‘Is he not a man of complete virtue, who feels no discomposure though men may take no note of him?’
Analects 1:2
Filial piety and respect for elders, are these not the roots of ren (compassion)?
Analects 1:3
Those of craft words and ingratiating expression are rarely ren.
Analects 1.6
The Master said, ‘A youth, when at home, should be filial, and, abroad, respectful to his elders. He should be earnest and truthful. He should overflow in love to all, and cultivate the friendship of the good. When he has time and opportunity, after the performance of these things, he should employ them in polite studies.’
Analects 1:8
Hold faithfulness and sincerity as first principles. And have no friends not like yourself”
Analects 1.14
The Master said, ‘He who aims to be a man of complete virtue in his food does not seek to gratify his appetite, nor in his dwelling place does he seek the appliances of ease; he is earnest in what he is doing, and careful in his speech; he frequents the company of men of principle that he may be rectified:– such a person may be said indeed to love to learn.’
Analects 2.4
The Master said, ‘At fifteen, I had my mind bent on learning. ‘At thirty, I stood firm. ‘At forty, I had no doubts.4. ‘At fifty, I knew the decrees of Heaven. ‘At sixty, my ear was an obedient organ for the reception of truth. ‘At seventy, I could follow what my heart desired, without transgressing what was right.’
Analects 4:25
Virtue never stands alone. It is bound to have neighbors.
Analects 6:30
The ren person is one who, wishing himself to be settled in position, sets up others; wishing himself to have access to the powerful, achieves access for others.
Analects 7.1
The Master said, ‘A transmitter and not a maker, believing in and loving the ancients, I venture to compare myself with our old P’ang.’
*P’ang is one of the sage rulers that Confucius tried to emulate.
Analects 7.6
The Master said, ‘Let the will be set on the path of duty. ‘Let every attainment in what is good be firmly grasped. ‘Let perfect virtue be accorded with. ‘Let relaxation and enjoyment be found in the polite arts.’
*The translation “polite arts” is referring to the art forms that Confucius believed would help develop one’s character, such as music, poetry, and painting.
Analects 12:2
What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.
Analects 15.17-18
The Master said, ‘The superior man in everything considers righteousness to be essential. He performs it according to the rules of propriety. He brings it forth in humility. He completes it with sincerity. This is indeed a superior man.’ The Master said, ‘The superior man is distressed by his want of ability. He is not distressed by men’s not knowing him.’
Analects 15.20
The Master said, ‘What the superior man seeks, is in himself. What the mean man seeks, is in others.’
*here “mean” doesn’t mean not nice, it means a simple or selfish person.
Analects 15:24
[A student] asked, saying “is there one word which may serve as a rule of practice for all of one’s life?” The Master said, “Is not shu (reciprocity) such a word?”

Excerpts found at https://www.sacred-texts.com/cfu/cfu.html

Religion Question

This week we learned about our first religion tradition, Confucianism. After listening to the video lectures and reading the selections from the sacred texts of Confucianism, please answer both of the following questions:
1. Choose two of the passages from The Analects – what do you think they mean? Do they provide any connection to your life? What do you think Confucius was trying to teach his students with these words? Do you agree with the teachings? Why or why not?
2. In Western society we tend to value equality and believe that seeing everyone as equal is the best way to create a respectful, harmonious society. But Confucian society is based on hierarchies – hierarchies primarily based on age, wisdom and experience. In Confucian society, no relationship is completely equal – every relationship contains a built-in hierarchy and each member of that hierarchy is expected to behave accordingly. If you are the superior, you should care for, teach, and guide the other. If you are the inferior part of the relationship, you should show respect, honor, and deference to the other. This is very different from American society, where everyone is supposed to be equal and treated equally.
Which do you think is the best way to create a harmonious society? Should we emphasize the innate equality between all people or that every relationship has an innate hierarchy, which should be respected? In American society, do you think that we live up to our own teachings of equality?
The Analects:
The following texts come from the most important text of the Confucian tradition, The Analects.
The Analects is the principal text that we will be looking at for Confucianism – it is an interesting text because it was not written by Confucius himself. Confucius never wrote down any of his own ideas, although he did edit several previous “classics” that he thought people in China should be reading as part of their education. This is very much in keeping with Confucius’ idea that he was not necessarily coming up with anything new – he didn’t think of himself as starting a new tradition, but just reminding people of the wisdom of the past and how to re-connect with it.
The Analects were compiled by his students several generations after Confucius, who claimed that they had memorized and passed down his teachings. It is believed to have been written in the Warring States Period, so sometime from the 400s-200s BCE, but did not achieve its final form until around 175 BCE. It is a collection of Confucius’ sayings gathered by his students, and many of the passages take the form of conversations with his students.
One interesting aspect of The Analects is that there are not a lot of broad, abstract teachings – Confucius’ teachings were much more situational because he was responding to specific questions. As we will see in the following excerpts, when asked about certain virtues, Confucius would usually give a specific example of a person who possessed that virtue or a situation in which the virtue was demonstrated.
Important note: in The Analects, whenever it says “the Master said” it is referring to Confucius himself. It was customary in China at the time to refer to a respected teacher as “Master.” As you can see, The Analects are just a compilation of sayings of Confucius, so it’s not a story or a narrative, although sometimes Confucius tells short stories to his students.
Here are some images of The Analects in the original Chinese:

Excerpts from The AnalectsAnalects 1.1-3
The Master said, ‘Is it not pleasant to learn with a constant perseverance and application? ‘Is it not delightful to have friends coming from distant quarters?’. ‘Is he not a man of complete virtue, who feels no discomposure though men may take no note of him?’
Analects 1:2
Filial piety and respect for elders, are these not the roots of ren (compassion)?
Analects 1:3
Those of craft words and ingratiating expression are rarely ren.
Analects 1.6
The Master said, ‘A youth, when at home, should be filial, and, abroad, respectful to his elders. He should be earnest and truthful. He should overflow in love to all, and cultivate the friendship of the good. When he has time and opportunity, after the performance of these things, he should employ them in polite studies.’
Analects 1:8
Hold faithfulness and sincerity as first principles. And have no friends not like yourself”
Analects 1.14
The Master said, ‘He who aims to be a man of complete virtue in his food does not seek to gratify his appetite, nor in his dwelling place does he seek the appliances of ease; he is earnest in what he is doing, and careful in his speech; he frequents the company of men of principle that he may be rectified:– such a person may be said indeed to love to learn.’
Analects 2.4
The Master said, ‘At fifteen, I had my mind bent on learning. ‘At thirty, I stood firm. ‘At forty, I had no doubts.4. ‘At fifty, I knew the decrees of Heaven. ‘At sixty, my ear was an obedient organ for the reception of truth. ‘At seventy, I could follow what my heart desired, without transgressing what was right.’
Analects 4:25
Virtue never stands alone. It is bound to have neighbors.
Analects 6:30
The ren person is one who, wishing himself to be settled in position, sets up others; wishing himself to have access to the powerful, achieves access for others.
Analects 7.1
The Master said, ‘A transmitter and not a maker, believing in and loving the ancients, I venture to compare myself with our old P’ang.’
*P’ang is one of the sage rulers that Confucius tried to emulate.
Analects 7.6
The Master said, ‘Let the will be set on the path of duty. ‘Let every attainment in what is good be firmly grasped. ‘Let perfect virtue be accorded with. ‘Let relaxation and enjoyment be found in the polite arts.’
*The translation “polite arts” is referring to the art forms that Confucius believed would help develop one’s character, such as music, poetry, and painting.
Analects 12:2
What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.
Analects 15.17-18
The Master said, ‘The superior man in everything considers righteousness to be essential. He performs it according to the rules of propriety. He brings it forth in humility. He completes it with sincerity. This is indeed a superior man.’ The Master said, ‘The superior man is distressed by his want of ability. He is not distressed by men’s not knowing him.’
Analects 15.20
The Master said, ‘What the superior man seeks, is in himself. What the mean man seeks, is in others.’
*here “mean” doesn’t mean not nice, it means a simple or selfish person.
Analects 15:24
[A student] asked, saying “is there one word which may serve as a rule of practice for all of one’s life?” The Master said, “Is not shu (reciprocity) such a word?”

Excerpts found at https://www.sacred-texts.com/cfu/cfu.html

Religion Question

This week we learned about our first religion tradition, Confucianism. After listening to the video lectures and reading the selections from the sacred texts of Confucianism, please answer both of the following questions:
1. Choose two of the passages from The Analects – what do you think they mean? Do they provide any connection to your life? What do you think Confucius was trying to teach his students with these words? Do you agree with the teachings? Why or why not?
2. In Western society we tend to value equality and believe that seeing everyone as equal is the best way to create a respectful, harmonious society. But Confucian society is based on hierarchies – hierarchies primarily based on age, wisdom and experience. In Confucian society, no relationship is completely equal – every relationship contains a built-in hierarchy and each member of that hierarchy is expected to behave accordingly. If you are the superior, you should care for, teach, and guide the other. If you are the inferior part of the relationship, you should show respect, honor, and deference to the other. This is very different from American society, where everyone is supposed to be equal and treated equally.
Which do you think is the best way to create a harmonious society? Should we emphasize the innate equality between all people or that every relationship has an innate hierarchy, which should be respected? In American society, do you think that we live up to our own teachings of equality?
The Analects:
The following texts come from the most important text of the Confucian tradition, The Analects.
The Analects is the principal text that we will be looking at for Confucianism – it is an interesting text because it was not written by Confucius himself. Confucius never wrote down any of his own ideas, although he did edit several previous “classics” that he thought people in China should be reading as part of their education. This is very much in keeping with Confucius’ idea that he was not necessarily coming up with anything new – he didn’t think of himself as starting a new tradition, but just reminding people of the wisdom of the past and how to re-connect with it.
The Analects were compiled by his students several generations after Confucius, who claimed that they had memorized and passed down his teachings. It is believed to have been written in the Warring States Period, so sometime from the 400s-200s BCE, but did not achieve its final form until around 175 BCE. It is a collection of Confucius’ sayings gathered by his students, and many of the passages take the form of conversations with his students.
One interesting aspect of The Analects is that there are not a lot of broad, abstract teachings – Confucius’ teachings were much more situational because he was responding to specific questions. As we will see in the following excerpts, when asked about certain virtues, Confucius would usually give a specific example of a person who possessed that virtue or a situation in which the virtue was demonstrated.
Important note: in The Analects, whenever it says “the Master said” it is referring to Confucius himself. It was customary in China at the time to refer to a respected teacher as “Master.” As you can see, The Analects are just a compilation of sayings of Confucius, so it’s not a story or a narrative, although sometimes Confucius tells short stories to his students.
Here are some images of The Analects in the original Chinese:

Excerpts from The AnalectsAnalects 1.1-3
The Master said, ‘Is it not pleasant to learn with a constant perseverance and application? ‘Is it not delightful to have friends coming from distant quarters?’. ‘Is he not a man of complete virtue, who feels no discomposure though men may take no note of him?’
Analects 1:2
Filial piety and respect for elders, are these not the roots of ren (compassion)?
Analects 1:3
Those of craft words and ingratiating expression are rarely ren.
Analects 1.6
The Master said, ‘A youth, when at home, should be filial, and, abroad, respectful to his elders. He should be earnest and truthful. He should overflow in love to all, and cultivate the friendship of the good. When he has time and opportunity, after the performance of these things, he should employ them in polite studies.’
Analects 1:8
Hold faithfulness and sincerity as first principles. And have no friends not like yourself”
Analects 1.14
The Master said, ‘He who aims to be a man of complete virtue in his food does not seek to gratify his appetite, nor in his dwelling place does he seek the appliances of ease; he is earnest in what he is doing, and careful in his speech; he frequents the company of men of principle that he may be rectified:– such a person may be said indeed to love to learn.’
Analects 2.4
The Master said, ‘At fifteen, I had my mind bent on learning. ‘At thirty, I stood firm. ‘At forty, I had no doubts.4. ‘At fifty, I knew the decrees of Heaven. ‘At sixty, my ear was an obedient organ for the reception of truth. ‘At seventy, I could follow what my heart desired, without transgressing what was right.’
Analects 4:25
Virtue never stands alone. It is bound to have neighbors.
Analects 6:30
The ren person is one who, wishing himself to be settled in position, sets up others; wishing himself to have access to the powerful, achieves access for others.
Analects 7.1
The Master said, ‘A transmitter and not a maker, believing in and loving the ancients, I venture to compare myself with our old P’ang.’
*P’ang is one of the sage rulers that Confucius tried to emulate.
Analects 7.6
The Master said, ‘Let the will be set on the path of duty. ‘Let every attainment in what is good be firmly grasped. ‘Let perfect virtue be accorded with. ‘Let relaxation and enjoyment be found in the polite arts.’
*The translation “polite arts” is referring to the art forms that Confucius believed would help develop one’s character, such as music, poetry, and painting.
Analects 12:2
What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others.
Analects 15.17-18
The Master said, ‘The superior man in everything considers righteousness to be essential. He performs it according to the rules of propriety. He brings it forth in humility. He completes it with sincerity. This is indeed a superior man.’ The Master said, ‘The superior man is distressed by his want of ability. He is not distressed by men’s not knowing him.’
Analects 15.20
The Master said, ‘What the superior man seeks, is in himself. What the mean man seeks, is in others.’
*here “mean” doesn’t mean not nice, it means a simple or selfish person.
Analects 15:24
[A student] asked, saying “is there one word which may serve as a rule of practice for all of one’s life?” The Master said, “Is not shu (reciprocity) such a word?”

Excerpts found at https://www.sacred-texts.com/cfu/cfu.html